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DETAILS OF EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

BASIC WORDS

    In this book, this "DETAILS OF EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY" is also called "This Book". This book, "EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY", "SEPARATING EACH STATE POWER INTO THE TWO SYSTEMS OF THAT OF THE RULE OF LAW PROTECTING LIBERAL RIGHTS AND THAT OF THE HUMAN RULE SECURING SOCIAL RIGHTS", "SENSATIONS AND RECOLLECTIONS OF IMAGES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", "EGOS AND THEIR TENDENCIES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING EGOS", "FACING TENDENCIES FALLING INTO A VICIOUS CIRCLE ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS", and "PARTICULAR THINGS AND GENERAL THINGS" are also called "These Books" in this book. In addition, "SENSATIONS AND RECOLLECTIONS OF IMAGES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", "EGOS AND THEIR TENDENCIES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING EGOS", and "FACING TENDENCIES FALLING INTO A VICIOUS CIRCLE ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS" are called "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY" in this book.
    In this book, the words of material things, properties, functions, living things, living functions, animals, animal functions, sensations, memories, feelings, desires, egos, thinkings, their existing and functioning, tendencies, habits, and so on basically designate the same things as in "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", and "PARTICULAR THINGS AND GENERAL THINGS". Please refer to it for the details. However, there is no serious problems if it is thought that those words designate the same things as designated in our daily life and in conventional science. The meanings of some important words and the differences of the meanings of some words from in "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY" will be explained briefly.
    In "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", the distinction between beings like material things, living things, animals, human beings, and so on and their properties including their functions like material functions, living functions, animal functions, human functions, and so on was important. The distinction between them is not so important in this book. In addition, in "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", being or existence was assumed, and functions are more important than it. In this book, though functions are important, being or existence is no less important than them. Accordingly, material things and their properties including their functions, living things and their properties including their functions, animals and their properties including their functions, human beings and their properties including their functions, or so are also called "Material Things", "Living Things", "Animals", "Human Beings", or so in this book. In addition, in "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", the distinction between material things' being caused or changed and their properties including their functions' being caused or changed, the distinction between living things' being caused or changed and their properties including their functions, or so was important. The distinction between them is not so important in this book. Accordingly, material things' being caused or changed and their properties including material functions' being caused or changed, living things' being caused or changed and their properties including their functions' being caused or changed, or so is also called the Material Thing's Being Caused or "Existing and Functioning", the Living Thing's Being Caused or Existing and Functioning, or so in this book. For example, human beings have existed and functioned for millions of years. Above all, living things' existing and functioning can be called their "Living".
    Anyway, human beings are included in animals, animals are included in living things, and living things are included in material things.
    In "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", individuals are more important than species or societies. Accordingly, the words of animals, human beings, and so on designated their individuals implicitly in them. In contrast, species and societies are more important than individuals in this book. Accordingly, the words of living things, animals, human beings, and so on usually designate their species, groups, or societies in this book.
    Every material thing is functioned to by some other material things and functions to some other material things directly or indirectly. It is impossible to enumerate all of the other material things that a material thing is functioned to by and functions to directly and indirectly. For example, an individual is functioned to directly by the sights, sounds, and touches of the following, indirectly by his or her family, teachers, and classmates, or boss, colleagues, and staff in his or her home, school, or company, more indirectly by other families, schools, companies, and so on, and they are endless. Accordingly, the words "directly or indirectly" and most of the other material things that are self-evident are omitted in these books. For example, when not the generation but the evolution of living things is explained, the explanation of the generation of the solar system or the earth is omitted.

LIVING THINGS

    The material things which have the property of synthesizing some macromolecules like proteins, lipids, saccharides, and nucleic acids, that of consisting of them, and that of reproducing some other material things which have the same necessary properties as they have can be called "Living Things". In addition, the functions which living things have can be called their "Living Functions", and living things and their properties including their functions can be called "Living Things". Living functions include nonsexual and sexual reproduction. The genesis of living things in themselves, of cellular membranes, of genes, of cells, of multicellular organisms, and of species and evolution, and so on are included in living functions in these books.
    The words of all living things sometimes designate an infinite number of living things which exist and function in the space which has endless space and time. However, the living things on a star never or rarely function to or are functioned to by those on another star. Accordingly, all of the living things on a star are also called "All Living Things", and part of them are also called "Part of the Living Things" in these books. Above all, all of the living things on the earth are also called "All Living Things", and part of them are also called "Part of the Living Things" in these books. In addition, all or part of the living things can be called "Living Things". In contrast, some living things on somewhere other than the earth are also called "Material Things Similar to the Earth's Living Things" in these books.

SPECIES OF LIVING THINGS

    When some living things (A) having a common set of necessary properties (AP) reproduce (A) for generations or when some living things (B) having a common set of necessary properties (BCP) and some other living things (C) having the common set of necessary properties (BCP) function to one another and reproduce (B) and (C) for generations, (A) or (B) and (C) can be called a "Species of Living Things" or a "Species".
    A living thing which can exist and function spatially separated from the other living things can be called an "Individual of Living Things" or an "Individual". Most animals which we see in our daily life are individuals.
    In "A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY", animals and human beings were explained with their individuals made units. In contrast, in this book they are usually explained with their species made units. Accordingly, usually in this book, the words of some living things designate some species of living things, and the words of human beings designate the species of "Homo sapiens". In addition, the species having sensations or more can be called "Animals Having Sensations or More" or "Animals". The species having photosynthesis as functions can be called "Plants Having Photosynthesis" or "Plants". Again , human beings are included in animals, animals are included in living things, and living things are included in the material things.

POSSIBILITIES AND ABILITIES

    The "possibility" of a material thing's existing and functioning involves those of some other material things' existing and functioning. In contrast to possibility, the possibility of a material thing's existing and functioning which is intrinsic to that material thing can be called the material thing's "Ability" or Capability. Please refer to "EGOS AND THEIR TENDENCIES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING EGOS" and "FACING TENDENCIES FALLING INTO A VICIOUS CIRCLE ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS" for animals' "Tendencies" and "Habits". However, there will be no serious problems if it is thought that those words designate the same as is designated in our daily life and conventional science. Anyway, human beings are included in animals, and have human tendencies and habits.

THE NATURE

    As was explained above, the possibility of some material things' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things' existing and functioning. The possibility of some living things' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things including some other living things' existing and functioning. The possibility of a species' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things including some other species' existing and functioning. For example, the possibility of human beings' existing and functioning involves those of the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, the photosynthesis by the plants, the food chains from microorganism via plants to some other animals, and so on's existing and functioning. Moreover, there exist and function some other material things including some other species without which none of a species can exist or function. In addition, there exist and function some other material things without which none of the species on the earth can exist and function. Some other material things including some other species without which none of a species can exist or function can be called the "Species' Nature" or the "Nature for the Species". In addition, some other material things without which none of the living things on the earth can exist or function can be called "All Living Thing's Nature", "Living Things' Nature", the "Nature for All Living Things", or the "Nature for Living Things". For example 1, the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, photosynthesis by plants, food chains from microorganism via plants to other animals, and so on are human beings' nature or the nature for human beings. For example 2, the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and so on are all living things' nature or the nature for all living things. When it is clear what the nature is for, the modifiers "some living things'", "for some living things", and so on will be omitted and the words "the nature" can be used.
    Some living things can exist and function temporarily even when most of their nature does not exist or function. However, when their nature does not exist or function, the living things will be extinguished soon. For example, even if several women and men, several pets, a space ship, oxygen, water, food, clothes, fuel, drugs, and so on for thousands of years exist and function, they will be extinguished in a few generations through the decrease of the abilities of immunity, those of sexual functions, and so on. Some living things' existing and functioning temporarily even if most of their nature does not exist or function is not included in living things' existing or functioning, and such bogus nature is not included in the nature in these books. For example, several pets, a space ship, oxygen, water, food, clothes, fuel, drugs, and so on for thousands of years are not included in living things' nature in these books.
    The nature for the past living things is different from that for the present living things. The nature for the genesis of living things in themselves, cellular membranes, genes, or so is different from that for the existence of Living things. Living things in themselves were generated in the nature of the past earth which was different from that of the present earth, or living things in themselves had been generated in the nature of another celestial body and came to the earth, or raw materials of living things had been generated in the nature of another celestial body and had come to the earth, and the living things in themselves were generated from them. Anyway, it is thought that there is little possibility that living things in themselves are generated in the nature of the present earth.

GENES AND EVOLUTION

    Genes consist of certain kinds of "Bases" and certain chains called "Nucleotides" which bind bases. The permutations of the bases are the "Base Sequences" of genes. The base sequences of genes determine most of the living things mainly by determining the structures and polarities of proteins. Base sequences often change spontaneously. This is the substance of "Spontaneous Mutation". Though it is the error of genes' replication, this error bring about surprising happenings for living things. Out of the living things involving genes which have undergone some spontaneous mutations, only a few that can exist and function and reproduce themselves in their nature and the periphery through generations can exist and function as species. In other words, most of the living things involving genes which have undergone some spontaneous mutations cannot exist or function as species. These can be called living things' "Natural Selection", "Selection in the Nature", or "Being Selected in the Nature". Because we who are now existing have been selected in the nature, we hardly see the severity of the natural selection. Again, most of the living things involving genes which have undergone some spontaneous mutations cannot exist or function as species. Even if we, human beings, manipulate genes wrongly, as long as the products can undergo some spontaneous mutations and natural selections, they cannot reproduce themselves endlessly and cannot extinguish all of the living things including human beings. However, when they cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations or natural selections, what will happen? This book will answer this question later.
    A species causes some other species by means of some spontaneous mutations and natural selections. This can be called the Species or Living Things' "Evolution" or "Evolving" to the Other Species or Living Things.
    In addition, even when a species does not evolve to any other species, when some individuals of the species get some spontaneous mutation and natural selections, and such individuals become dominant in the species after generations, this can be called the Species' Evolution or Evolving to a Subspecies or New living things in the Species. In addition, when a species (A) evolves to another species (B) or when A evolves to a subspecies (A'), it can be called A or the Living Things' Evolving, and B or A' can be called the Evolved A or Living Things. When the evolution from a species to another species and that to a subspecies in a species need to be distinguished, the former is called the evolution in a narrow sense in these books.
    Such genes undergo some spontaneous mutations, some of the living things having genes are selected in the nature and evolve. Things other than such genes cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations, the living things having no genes cannot be selected in the nature and cannot evolve and can exist and function in some other ways. Moreover, such genes have consisted of certain kinds of bases and certain chains which have been unchanged, maybe, since the genesis of genes. Such genes have undergone spontaneous mutations, and living things involving such genes have been selected in the nature and have evolved. If there exist and function some genes where certain kinds of bases themselves or certain chains themselves have been changed, it is possible that such bogus genes cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations, and the bogus living things having such cannot be selected in the nature, cannot evolve, and can exist and function in some other ways. One of these other ways will be explained later in this book.
    The evolution in a narrow sense has not continuous but discrete quantity as a property because it is a change from a species to some other species. Even if the quantity is represented with the frequency of changes of base sequences, it is discrete quantity. Being large or small of such quantity of evolution from a species to some other species can be called the former's evolving "Much or a Little" to the latter.

LIVING THINGS' EVOLUTION AND THEIR NATURE

    The more living things evolve, the more various their nature gets. For example, the food chains from microorganisms via plants to plant-eating animals need to exist and function so that meat-eating animals can exist and function, and the nature involving such chains are more various than that of microorganisms. By evolution, in more various nature, more various species, multicellular organisms, plants having photosynthesis, animals having sensations, animals having memories, and so on are generated.
    In the same way as in "SENSATIONS AND RECOLLECTIONS OF IMAGES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", the functions which are premised to cause some things appearing as mental phenomena are called Sensations, and the functions not causing any of them are not called Sensations also in this book, either. In addition, memories contain recollections of images, and the functions not containing any of them are not called Memories in this book, either.
    As was explained in "SENSATIONS AND RECOLLECTIONS OF IMAGES ― A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", if no sensations were generated, no memories could be generated. Every animal having memories has sensations. All the animals having memories have evolved from some animals having sensations and no memories. All the functions like perceptions, associations, feelings, desires, egos, thoughts, and so on involve some recollections of images which are involved in memories. None of those functions could have been generated if no memories had been generated. Every animal having those functions has memories. All the animals having those functions have evolved from some animals having memories and none of those functions. After all, in the long view, all the animals having those functions have evolved from some animals having sensations, having no memories, and having none of those functions. Accordingly, sensations and the functions which could not be generated without them can be called the "Sensations or More", and the memories and the functions which could not be generated without them can be called the "Memories or More". Most of the animal kingdom including the vertebrates have sensations or more, and most of the vertebrates and some of the arthropods have memories or more. However, even animals only having sensations have evolved very much. As is significant, because of the things explained in the above paragraphs and this one, the nature for the animals having sensations or more is fairly various, and that for those having memories or more is more various.
    The more a species evolves, the more it needs to "Live Close Together With" other various species. For example, human beings need to live close together with various microorganisms, plants, other animals in the mountains, rivers, seas, planes, and towns which have seasons. Crops and domestic animals are looked upon as some of the plants and animals which we live close together with. Getting immunity from weaker bacteria and viruses is looked upon as living close together with them so that we can defend ourselves against stronger ones. By definition, such other various species as a species lives together with are included in the species' nature. Moreover, in order for the other various species as a species lived close together with to exist and function, their various nature needs to exist and function. By definition, such various nature for such various other species as a species lives together with are included in the species' nature.

LIVING THINGS' NATURE FOR EVOLUTION

    Moreover, a species needs to "struggle with" some other species in order for it not only to exist and function but also to evolve. Moreover, the more a species evolves, the more various species it needs to struggle with. For example, human beings need to struggle with more various bacteria and viruses than other animals do in order to evolve more. So that such other various species as a species struggles with can exist and function, the various nature for them needs to exist and function. The other species that a species needs to struggles with in order for it to evolve and their nature can be called the species or the living things' "Nature for Evolution".
    From the beginning, in order for a species to evolve, living things need not only to exist and function by themselves but also to reproduce themselves, and the genetic replications, repairs, sexual functions, and so on need to exist and function. By definition, they are included in living things in themselves.

THE NATURE FOR LIVING THINGS' EXISTENCE AND EVOLUTION

    Living things' nature overlaps with their nature for evolution. For example, the animals which human beings live together with and which they struggle with live in the same mountain, grassland, forest, river, lake, or sea. A species' nature and its nature for evolution which overlap in this way can be called the "Nature for the Species or the Living Things' Existence and Evolution", their Nature, the Nature for them, the Nature in these books. That is, the nature or so sometimes includes the nature for evolution in these books. However, when the nature for evolution needs to be emphasized, the words of the nature for their existence and evolution are used in these books.
    In those ways, the nature for more evolved living things is more various than that for less evolved ones, the nature for the former's evolution is more various than that for the latter's, and the nature for the former's existence and evolution is more various than that for the latter's. The nature for animals having memories or more's existence and evolution is more various than that for animals having sensations and no memories'. As is significant, the nature for animals having sensations or more's is more various than the living things having no sensations'.

EVOLUTION'S QUANTITY AND DIRECTION

    When a lot of pieces of evolution are compared, we find that evolution has not only quantity but also direction as a property. For example, "photosynthesis without sensations (plants) ⇔ sensations without photosynthesis (animals)" are an opposite direction. "having sensations and having no memories→having memories or more" is a quantity toward the same direction. The direction which a species' evolution to some other species has as a property can be represented with some living functions like photosynthesis, sensations, memories, and so on. In addition, being large or small of the quantity toward a certain direction of a species' evolution to some other species can be called some living thing's evolving Much or Less to a Certain Direction.
    The more a species evolves to a certain direction, the less the possibility that it evolves to the opposite direction become. For example, the possibility that microorganisms evolve to animals is larger than that of plants' doing that. The possibility that microorganisms evolve to plants is larger than that of animals' doing that. It is impossible that angiosperms having photosynthesis evolve to animals having sensations or more. It is impossible that animals having sensations or more evolve to angiosperms.
    As is significant, the possibility that living things having no sensations evolve to animals having sensations or more is very small for the following reasons. Some neural cells, neural groups, and nervous systems need to be generated so that the sensations or more can be generated. Though living things in themselves were generated in the most limited nature, whether on the earth or some other celestial body they were generated, the neural cells, neural groups, and nervous systems were generated in the comparatively limited nature.
    Compared with those, the possibility that some animals having sensations and no memories evolve to some animals having memories or more is much larger. If the animals having memories or more are extinguished, as long as there exist and function some animals having sensations and no memories and the nature for their existence and evolution, the latter are certain to evolve to the former. Far from that, an infinite number of the latter evolve to infinite number of the former in a short time when compared with the life of the earth.

EVOLUTION AND DEGENERATION

    It is probable that some organs or functions of animals are degenerated, and it is a proper description. For example, the olfactory sensations of human beings are clearly degenerated, and so are the limbs of dolphins or wholes. In contrast, it is itself an improper description that some species of animals are degenerated. Even if a species seem to be ugly and to be suffering from a human point of vies, as long as it is adapted to its nature and exists, it is looked upon as having evolved. In such a way, the technical term of evolution does not imply human sense of values.
    Because spontaneous mutations are often caused, living things are certain to evolve, and there exist no living things that do not evolve. As long as a species exists for millions of years, it is certain to evolve, and it sometimes evolve to some other species.
    As long as also human beings exist for millions of years, they are certain to evolve, and they sometimes evolve to some other species, too. Of course, they evolve if human beings should exist until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun.

MEANS

    Human beings make, use, and leave means like tools, houses, clothes, and so on. Means include weapons like swords, bows and arrows, rifles, missiles, and so on. In addition, human beings breed and use or eat domestic animals and crops. Such living things are included in means for human beings. Genes manipulated and genetic means are living things or bogus ones and included in means. Nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, means causing artificial drastic changes are the sublime of means. In addition, human beings transmit and leave how to make and use means by not only spoken words but also written words, signs, and so on. They are included in means and prompt means to progress. It is not with bare hands or bodies but by such means that human beings destroy themselves, other living things, and their nature and deviate the cycle of prosper and decline which will be explained below. While other living things leave almost none but their genes, human beings leave not only their genes but also means.

THE DEVIATION FROM THE CYCLE OF PROSPER AND DECLINE

    However, when the earth or the sun ages or collapses in the natural course, all the living things on the earth will be extinguished. No living things including human beings can stop such natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. It is only a fiction that some human beings migrate to a planet of another system and survive. If it were possible, we could not recognize that kind of survival as the existence of living things including human beings. That is because such human beings evolve or decline in a way different from the living things on the earth in the different nature of a different planet in a different system.
    However, we, human beings, can extinguish all living things including human beings before the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. Why?
    From the beginning, not only human beings but also living things often function to some other living things of the same species or of some other species or the same species' or some other species' nature, and as a result some of those living things do not exist or do not function or are disordered. This can be called the "Destruction" of the latter by the former or the former' destroying the latter. In addition, living things often function to the same species or some other species' nature, and as a result some parts of that nature do not exist or do not function or are disordered. This can be called the Destruction of the Nature by living things or living things' Destroying the Nature. Some living things destroy some other living things not only directly but also by destroying their nature.
    From the beginning, any species that has prospered exceedingly destroy the same species' nature, some other species, and some other species' nature by the prosper, and the species is extinguished or declines by the destruction of the same species' nature. However, by the extinction, some other species and some other species' nature revive. By the decline, the same species' nature revives, and so the same species revive. These can be called the "Cycle of Prosper and Decline". That is, it is by this cycle that traditional living things cannot extinguish all living things even when they prosper as exceedingly as possible.
    In contrast, we, human beings can extinguish all living things by the deviation from the cycle of prosper and decline. Why? That is because nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic changes which will be defined later can destroy living things' genes on the whole earth in a short time or destroy the earth in itself at a burst. While traditional living things have left the room for the survival of the same species or some other species by the cycle of prosper and decline, we, human beings, have deviated from that cycle and leave no room for the survival of the same species or of any other species.

MINIMUM EXISTENCE OF LIVING THINGS

    As was explained earlier, while the possibility that living things having no sensations evolve to animals having sensations or more is very small, the possibility that animals having sensations and having no memories evolve to animals having memories or more is much larger. As long as the former and the nature for their existence and evolution exist and function, the former evolve to the latter. Far from that, the former evolve to an infinite number of the latter in a short time compared with the life of the earth.
    On the grounds which have been explained from the beginning to here in this book, on the earth from the present until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, that a few species of animals having sensations and having no memories and the nature for their existence and evolution exist and function can be called living things' "Minimum Existence" or Existing Minimum. As long as a few species of animals having sensations and having no memories and the nature for their existence and evolution exist and function, they evolve to animals having memories or more.
    The nature for a few species of animals having sensations and having no memories' existence and evolution involve various microorganisms, plants, and animals, and so even the minimum existence involves the existence of unexpectedly various living things. Please do not forget that.
    Of course, each of us seeks the self's existence, and human beings seek their existence. They rarely seek other living things' existence. However, the nature for human beings needs to exist and function so that they can exist, and such nature is considerably various. Human beings' seeking their own existence includes seeking that of various living things and the nature for them and that for those living things. Accordingly, it cannot always be said that human beings' seeking their existence is their egoism. In addition, as was explained earlier, the nature for animals having memories or more are more various than that of animals having sensations and having no memories.
    In addition, as was explained earlier, there exist no living things that do not evolve. Living things cannot help evolving, neither can human beings.
    On those grounds, on the earth from the present until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, that some species of animals having memories or more including some human beings or evolved ones and the nature for their existence and evolution exist and function can be called living things' "Various Existence" or "Existing Variously".
    In addition, living things' minimum existence or various existence can be called Living Things' "Existence" or "Existing" or Our Existence or Existing.
    In contrast, on the earth before the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, all the species of animals having sensations or more's stopping existing or functioning can be called living things' "Total Extinction" or Being Totally Extinguished. Living things' total extinction can include the nature for all those species' existence and evolution's stopping existing and functioning.
    Out of living things' total extinction, human beings' causing it can be called the "Total Destruction" of living things by human beings or human beings' Totally Destroying living things. By definition, such living things as are totally destroyed by human beings include human beings. When that needs to be emphasized, the total destruction of living things by human beings is also called the Total Destruction of living things including human being by human beings or human beings' Totally Destroying living things including human being in these books. However, the Total Destruction of living things including human being by human beings is also called merely the Total Destruction or Destroying Totally in these books. As will be explained later, nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic changes can destroy totally.
    The meaning of the words "mass destruction" is vague, and it is important whether or not it include total destruction. Accordingly, in these books, the destruction of a lot of human beings, living things, and their nature excluding the total destruction is called a "Massive Destruction" or Destroying Massively. However, when it is necessary to emphasized that it does not include the total destruction, the words Massive Destruction Excluding the Total Destruction are used in these books. In addition, the words "a Little Destruction", "Destroying a Little", and so on are also vague, but such words will not imply the total destruction. In contrast, the words of minimum existence, various existence, total extinction, total destruction were defined strictly above.

MEANS

    Human beings make and use tools like hoes, pots, clothes, and houses. Tools include arms, weapons, and so on, too. They research, develop, produce, and manipulate the complicated or massive tools like buildings, roads, cars, ships, airplanes, and so on. They are included in means. Moreover, they intentionally induce the changes of atomic nuclei, and research, develop, hold, and use means causing radiation like nuclear power plants and nuclear weapons. They are included in means, too. In addition, human beings breed or cultivate and use living things like domestic animals, crops, microorganisms, and so on. They are included in means for human beings. Moreover, human beings manipulate genes, and research, develop, and use means involving genes manipulated like genetically modified crops and biological weapons. Though they are living things, because human beings intervene in and make use of them, they can be called means. In addition, human beings research the ways of lives and those of making and using tools, and record and transmit those ways by means of spoken words, written words, signs, papers, radio, television, computers, the internet, and so on. In addition, human beings constitute large organizations like governments, enterprises, and research institutes and manage them. They are all included in means. Human beings, who can totally destroy living things, cannot do so with bare hands or bodies but can do so with such means.

TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    The means which it is not certain never cause the total destruction can be called "totally destructive means".
    When we define them, we need to pay attention to the following.

(1)All means need to be classified and looked through.
(2)When it is not certain that some means never cause the total destruction, they need to be included in totally destructive means.
(3)Because some means which are similar to some other means can be researched and developed easily from the latter, we need to define totally destructive means with a large group including similar means. For example, we need to define not as atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs, or so but as nuclear weapons including them.
(4)When it is clear that some means never cause the total destruction, they need to be excluded from totally destructive means. That is because human beings do not function for the minimum existence of living things when daily desires and lives are restricted too much. For example, we need to exclude from totally destructive means the gene therapy which involve only genes manipulated which can undergo spontaneous mutations. That is because human beings' desire for life and health is the most compelling.
    Accordingly, when we define non-totally destructive means, totally destructive means will get clear. The means which cannot cause the total destruction if any quantity of any subgroups of them are used in any situations can be called "Non-Totally Destructive Means". Then the means which are not non-totally destructive are totally destructive means.
    Usually, when a certain number(z) or more of some subgroups belonging to totally destructive means are used in some situations, the total destruction is caused. First, the nuclear weapons are totally destructive means. When a certain number (z) or more of hydrogen bombs belonging to nuclear weapons which some state powers have held in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century are used in most of the continents and seas on both the hemisphere, by the radiations directly and indirectly caused by them, first, the genes of a lot of living things on land and in the swallow underground and sea will be destroyed or mutated, they will be killed or will suffer from cancer or infertility, and so they will be extinguished. Second, respiration, photosynthesis, and the food chain there will not function, and so all the living things there will be extinguished. Third, the food chain from the land and the swallow underground and sea will be extinguished, and the living things in the deep underground and sea will be extinguished. Finally, the total destruction will be caused. As will be explained later, not only nuclear weapons but also immutable gene means and artificial drastic changes are totally destructive means.
    Even if a kind of means cannot reach a certain number (z) or cause the total destruction at present, if they can reach the number (z) and can cause it in the future, they are included in totally destructive means. For example, if most of the nuclear weapons held by three great powers are abolished, nuclear weapons cannot reach the number (z) or cause the total destruction. Nevertheless, nuclear weapons are totally destructive means, and we need to go on abolishing and preventing them totally.
    Usually, when totally destructive means are used on the conditions other than the above, they can cause not the total but massive or a little destruction. When a certain number (z) or more of totally destructive means cause the total, less than the number (z) cause not the total but massive or a little destruction. A certain number (z) fluctuate depending on the situations and the subgroups, the subgroups fluctuate depending on the number (z) and the situations, and the subgroups fluctuate depending on the number (z) and the situations. For example, the number (z) whose situation is that nuclear weapons are used except on the Antarctic is larger than the number (z') whose situation is that they are used also on it. However, in immutable gene means which will be explained later, a certain number (z), the distinction among research, development, hold, and use, and that between weapons and means excluding weapons are vaguer than in nuclear weapons. In artificial drastic changes which will be explained later, they are clearer.

MASSIVELY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    Out of non-totally destructive means, that is, out of the means which cannot cause the total destruction if any quantity of any subgroups of them are used in any situations, the means can cause massive destruction can be called "Massively Destructive Means". By definition, massively destructive means cannot cause the total destruction. For example, private and public enterprises causing the destruction of the nature are massively destructive means. That is because enterprises destroy the nature much slower and more locally than nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, artificial drastic changes do. Even when the enterprises prosper at most, they will destroy part of the nature for human beings, human beings will decline, and some living things including human beings and their nature will be revived. That is, while totally destructive means deviate from the cycle of prosper and decline which was explained earlier, massively destructive means do not.
    Human beings' restraining the destruction of the nature by restricting the human functions like private and public enterprises can be called human beings' "Preservation of the Nature" or Preserving the Nature. It is important. However, when compared with the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means, we need to give priority to the latter.

PRE-TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    The means which are themselves not totally destructive means and which, however, can cause some research and development of totally destructive means can be called "Pre-Totally Destructive Means". For example, atomic bombs and nuclear power plants are pre-totally destructive means. If the atomic bombs had not been researched, developed, held, or used in the middle of the twentieth century, no hydrogen bombs would have been researched, developed, or hold as early as after years.
    However, more or less indirectly, human beings make and use some means, can cause the total or massive destruction, and so it turns out that the genesis of human beings was wrong. For example, if atomic bombs had not been researched, developed, held, or used in World War Ⅱ, the cold war would have made atomic bombs, hydrogen ones, or so researched, developed, and hold. Every cause and effect is indirect. Accordingly, a means which is itself not a totally destructive means and which, however, can cause the research and development of some totally destructive means "within a century" is again called a Pre-Totally Destructive Means in these books. When it has been defined so, the atomic bombs and nuclear power plant are still pre-totally destructive means.
    It is one of the most necessary for human beings to research and foresee the possibility of pre-totally destructive means' causing the research and development of some totally destructive means and to prevent the latter from being researched and developed in the stage of the former. For example, we need to prevent immutable gene means from being researched and developed in the stage of mutable gene means which will be explained later. However, of course, it is the most necessary for us to abolish the totally destructive means which have already been researched, developed, and held.

NEEDLESSNESS OF TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

     The more science and technology, above all, information technology advances, the more narrowly and selectively weapons can destroy their targets, and the less indiscriminately they need to destroy human beings. The weapons which can destroy targets narrowly and selectively in such a way can be called "Selectively Destructive Means". In contrast, such weapons as nuclear weapons, conventional chemical ones, and conventional biological ones can be called "Indiscriminate Destructive Means".
    In addition, the more science and technology advances, the more defensive means as well as destructive ones advance.
    Now, with selectively destructive means advancing more and more, the government and armed force of a country can destroy not the citizens but the governments and armed forces of some other countries more and more selectively. If the governments or armed forces of any countries want to invade any other countries, all that the former need to do is destroy the governments and armed forces of the latter with selectively destructive means, and then their purpose of invading and ruling the latter is accomplished. In this case, general citizens do not need to be destroyed, and indiscriminate destructive means including totally destructive means are needless.
    However, submarines in the bottoms of the deep sea, satellites and spaceships in the space, and deep underground facilities can hardly be detected. However, they cannot be detected or dealt with by totally destructive means or any means. That is, totally destructive means are useless and unnecessary here, too.
    In the above case, those undetectable means in those undetectable facilities or places will be used. However, also in this case, all that the governments and armed forces of the former and the latter have to do is destroy them mutually with undetectable selectively destructive means, the war is usually over, and general citizens survive.
    However, it is probable that the governments and armed forces of the former and the latter hide themselves into those undetectable facilities or places. Also in this case, the war is over, and general citizens survive. Though countries concerned come close to anarchy, citizens can construct new governments and armed forces. They can either call back and absorb or ignore those hiding.
    In such ways, paradoxically, undetectable selectively destructive means ensure those. It can be called "Selective Mutual Destruction". By selective mutual destruction, any civilian or military officer cannot help resolving any dispute peacefully.
    In order to minimize the damage to general citizens in the above situations, it is necessary for them not to live close to the facilities of governments and armed forces.
    On those grounds, totally destructive means are needless and obsolete both tactically and strategically.

NECESSITY OF TOTAL ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    The following are the grounds that the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means need to be done not partially but totally.
    Usually, when a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of the totally destructive means are used in some situations, the total destruction is caused. It seems that the totally destructive means need to be cut to less than the number (z) corresponding to the worst situation and the strongest subgroup so that the total destruction can be prevented.
    However, it is hard for the governments or armed forces of some states or nations to go on abolishing or preventing their totally destructive means while those of some others go on researching, developing, or holding theirs. Some of them's researching, developing, holding them prompts some others' doing so. The information of all things will leak out. Above all, that of weapons including totally destructive means will leak out. and others will take advantage of it.
    In addition, from now on, some powers other than governments or armed forces can take advantage of the information or materials leaked from them and research, develop, hold, and use some totally destructive means.
    In addition, some outsiders can intrude through computers, the internet, and so on into some totally destructive means held by some governments or armed forces and can manipulate and drive them wildly. In addition, such intrusion can prompt those which are intruded into or others to be used.
    In addition, some insiders who are actually outsiders or some insiders who lost the ability to control them can manipulate totally destructive means and can drive them wildly.
    In addition, there can be some aging, break down, accidents through natural disasters, and so on of totally destructive means which human reason cannot foresee or control, and they can run wild. For example, it is a wonder that the nuclear weapons which were designed and produced fifty years ago do not break down, isn't it?
    What is called "deterrence theory" can function for tens or hundreds of years, but they cannot functions hundreds or more of years That is because, in such long time, some insiders lose the ability to control them in some mental conditions, because some outsiders and insiders who are actually outsiders invade them and let them run wild, and because some accidents which human reasons cannot reach can occur. For example, nuclear weapons survived only tens of years of the Cold War and its aftermath. Only tens or hundreds of years of survival never confirms deterrence theory.
    In addition, in immutable gene means which will be explained later, a certain number (z) and the difference between research, development, hold, and use, and that between weapons and means excluding weapons are vague or nearly zero ones.
    Including those cases, even if the probability that human beings cause the total destruction by using the totally destructive means in a year is 0.001(0.1%), that in 100 years is about 0.1(10%) as a result of 1-(1-0.001)^100, and that in 1,000 years is about 0.63(63%) as a result of 1-(1-0.001)^1000.
    In addition, if only a few of totally destructive means should be used, they would cause massive destruction, kill a lot of human beings, and cause a lot of pain. In addition, even if they are not used, they cause much mental pain like anxiety and fear.
    It seems that many living things can exist if human beings are extinguished before they use totally destructive means. However, even if human beings are extinguished, if the totally destructive means are left, it is possible that they run wild spontaneously, and that they cause the total destruction. Simply, human beings should not be extinguished till they abolish totally destructive means which they have developed and held.
    In addition, human beings struggle and struggle for existence the most of all the living things. The more they struggle, the more they struggle among themselves, and the more the possibility of their using totally destructive means and causing the total destruction gets.
    On those grounds, human beings need to abolish and prevent all of the totally destructive means on the earth that public and private powers, and, insiders and outsiders research, develop, hold, and use and need to prevent totally destructive means in the stage of pre-totally destructive means so that living things can exist minimum, and so that the ultimate desire can be satisfied. Accordingly, human beings' abolishing and preventing all of the totally destructive means on the earth that the public and private powers, and insiders and outsiders research, develop, hold, and use and preventing totally destructive means in the stage of pre-totally destructive means can be called the "Total Abolition and Prevention of Totally Destructive Means" by human beings or human beings' "Totally Abolishing and Preventing Totally Destructive Means".
    Moreover, it is possible that only human beings or evolved human beings can cause the total destruction on the earth. As long as human beings totally abolish and prevent totally destructive means, living things will exist minimum. Human beings only have to totally abolish and prevent them for living things to exist minimum. For the emphasis on those, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means is also called the "Security of Minimum Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' Securing the Minimum Existence of living things in these books.
    In addition, human beings' totally abolishing and preventing not only totally destructive means but also massively destructive means can be called the "Security of Various Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' Securing the Various Existence of living things.
    In addition, the minimum security of living things or the security of the existence of various living things can be called the "Security of the Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' "Securing the Existence" of living things.

ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF PRE-TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    As was defined earlier, a means which is itself not a totally destructive means and which, however, can cause the research and development of some totally destructive means within a century is called a Pre-Totally Destructive Means in these books. One of the most important is that human beings research and foresee the possibility of pre-totally destructive means' causing totally destructive ones and that they prevent the latter from being researched or developed in the stage of the former.
    However, even if scientists and technologist do this, it is probable that the holders of political and economic powers neglect their advice and that the latter make the former research and develop totally destructive means. Far from that, if the latter know that pre-totally destructive ones can cause totally destructive ones, the latter will make use of the former desperately.
    Accordingly, in pre-totally destructive means, we need to regulate all the pieces of material, technology, and information causing totally destructive ones strictly. If we do not have the confidence to do that, we should totally abolish and prevent not only totally destructive ones but also pre-totally destructive ones.
    In addition, as was explained earlier, totally destructive means need to be defined as a large group including similar subgroups. For example, they need to include the atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century.

ONE-WAY ABOLITION AND PREVENTION

    In contrast to total abolition and prevention, that human beings abolish and prevent totally destructive means in countries, regions, or so and abolish and prevent not all but part of them on the earth can be called "Partial" Abolition and Prevention of Them or Partially Abolishing and Preventing them. Not that countries or regions abolish and prevent them mutually through mutual agreements but that they abolish and prevent them one-way can be called "One-way" Abolition and Prevention of them or One-way Abolishing and Preventing them.
    As was explained earlier, as selective destructive means and defensive ones advance, totally destructive means get needless both tactically and strategically. Accordingly, each country can abolish and prevent the total one-way while researching, developing, and holding the selective and defensive. The one-way abolition and prevention is the decisive way toward the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means and the minimum existence of living things.
    By the way, one-way abolition and prevention is a way toward the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means and not a way toward all. For example, one-way cut of selective destructive means explained above could not always been recommended.

PRIORITY

    The above are divided into the following Group (A), Group (B), Group (C), and Group (D)

Group (A) minimum existence, total extinction, the total destruction, totally destructive means, total abolishment and prevention of totally destructive means, security of minimum existence

Group (B) pre-totally destructive means

Group (C) various existence, massive destruction, massively destructive means, abolishment and prevention of massively destructive means, security of various existence

Group (D) a little destruction, less destructive means

    Though every group needs to be given priority to, (A) needs to be given priority to when compared with (B), (C), and (D). For example, the total abolition and prevention of nuclear weapons needs to be given priority to when compared with the abolition of nuclear power plants. Not that the latter may be neglected, but that the former need to be given priority to when compared with the latter. In addition, (A) and (B) need to be given priority to when compared with (C) and (D). For example, the total abolition of nuclear weapons and nuclear power plants needs to be given priority to when compared with the preservation of the nature. Not that the latter may be neglected, but that the former need to be given priority to when compared with the latter.
    First, we, human beings, need to distinguish totally destructive means and to totally abolish and prevent them. Second, we need to distinguish pre-totally destructive means and to abolish and prevent them or to prevent them from causing the research and development of totally destructive ones in the stage of them. Third, we need to distinguish massively destructive means and to restrain or abolish and prevent them.

IMPORTANCE OF DISTINCTION

    In other words, we need to distinguish clearly totally, pre-totally, massively, and less destructive means, and the farther we go down from the first to the fourth, the less we need to restrain. That is because the more massively and less destructive means are restrained, the more human daily lives are restricted, the less human daily desires are satisfied, and the less human beings function for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives.
    Above all, the human daily desires to want to live long and to be healthy and to want their families, friends, and so on to do so and to be so are serious, and little or no restriction should be imposed on the science and technology for the sake of human life and health. Later in this book, out of genetic manipulations, which can cause the total destruction and which cannot cause it and can be applied to medicine will be distinguished.
    In addition, it is probable that the holders of political and economic powers make some false totally destructive means seem to be true ones and attract citizens' concerns and activities to false ones in order to make the research, development, and hold of true ones, going to war, running wild to despotism, and so on unclear. For example, it is probable that a complex of governments and enterprises make the false totally destructive means of the destruction of the nature seem to be too serious and make citizens preserve the nature in order to make the research, development, and hold of totally destructive means unclear. It is also a cost reduction for governments and enterprises to make citizens preserve the nature. Also in order to prevent those, we need to distinguish totally, pre-totally, massively and less destructive means clearly.

DISTINCTION OF MEANS

    Now, let us distinguish totally, pre-totally, massively, and less destructive means. Means are divided into the following (O)-(R2).

(O)Instrumental Means
    The means which do not involve any gunpowder, engines, electricity, synthetic chemicals, changes of nuclei induced intentionally by human beings, or genes manipulated can be called "Instrumental Means". Wooden tools, stone implements, earthenwares, the fire caused by human beings, spoken words, clothes, houses, villages, agriculture, livestock farming, fish farming, the food produced by them, written words, towns, roads, carriages, sailboats, swords, spears, bows and arrows, and so on are instrumental means.

(P)Mechanical Means
    The means which involves gunpowder, engines, electricity, or synthetic chemicals and which do not involve any changes of nuclei induced intentionally by human beings or genes manipulated can be called "Mechanical Means". Industry, factories, cities, buildings, highways, cars, railroads, trains, steamships, airplanes, guns, cannons, bombs, and so on are mechanical means.

(Q)Nuclear Means
    That human beings intentionally induce the changes of atomic nuclei like nuclear fission, fusion, and so on can be called their "Nuclear Manipulation" or Manipulating Nuclei.
    The means which involves the changes of some atomic nuclei intentionally induced by human beings can be called "Nuclear Means". Atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century, hydrogen bombs in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century, nuclear power plants, and so on are nuclear means.
    The changes of atomic nuclei often occur in the space and also in the earth. In contrast, the means which involve the changes of the atomic nuclei intentionally induced by human beings are nuclear means. For example, though all isotopes diffuse and none of them concentrate in the nature of the present earth, some human beings concentrate uranium-235 with such centrifuges as are not found in any common laboratories, and induce the nuclear fusion of hydrogen atoms by the energy caused by the nuclear fission of uranium atoms. This is a sample of the nuclear means.
    The means which involve some radiations and do not involve any nuclear changes intentionally induced by any human beings when used are not included in the (Q)nuclear means but included in the (P)mechanical means in these books. Human beings recycle various kinds of materials, and recycle also the secondary products of nuclear means. As long as such recycled products involve no nuclear changes intentionally induced by any human beings when used, they are not included in the (Q)nuclear means but included in the (P)mechanical means in these books.

(R)Gene Means
    Human beings' inducing some changes of genes in a broad sense which cannot be caused in the nature can be called their "Gene Manipulation", Genetic Manipulation, or Manipulating Genes. Those changes in a broad sense include not only changing base sequences of genes but also extracting the wholes or parts of genes, replicating them, recombining them with those of some other living things, injecting them into some other living things, activating or inactivating some parts of genes, and so on. In addition, they include, far from changing base sequences, changing bases in themselves or the chains binding them. Though nobody can foresee what kind of gene manipulation human beings will do, if they bring about any changes of genes which cannot be caused in the nature intentionally or unintentionally, it can be called gene manipulation.
    The genes manipulated by human beings can be called "Manipulated Genes". Manipulated genes in themselves or the living things or means which involve some manipulated genes and their functions can be called "Gene Means" or Genetic Means. In such a way, the living things whose genes have been manipulated can be said to be human beings' means.
    Not only when the genes of some living things were manipulated but also if human beings should create some means which are equivalent to living things and which involve some genes manipulated and their functions, those living things or means can be called "Genetic Means Like Living Things".
    In contrast, if human beings should add any parts unlike living things which can function to genes to any living things or genetic means like living things, even if no genes in themselves are manipulated, because those parts can function to genes, such living things or means can be called Genetic Means Unlike Living Things. Such things are unthinkable for most of us or even for most scientists. However, we cannot foresee what human beings will do.
    (1) Some genetic means directly exert the functions in question by themselves, and (2) some genetic means, after the wholes or parts of their genes are recombined with some other genes or the genes of some other living things or means through some or no steps of recombinations, indirectly exert the functions in question. Those functions in question include the replication of genes and the reproduction of means or living things. That is, some genes, even if they cannot be replicated by themselves, are replicated after they are recombined with other genes.

(R0)Irreplicable Gene Means
    The manipulated genes which cannot be replicated in any condition can be called "Irreplicable Genes". They exclude such genes as can be replicated after they are recombined with other genes directly or indirectly through some or no steps of recombinations. The gene means which involve, out of manipulated genes, only irreplicable genes and their functions can be called "Irreplicable Gene Means". Irreplicable gene means cannot reproduce themselves.
    In contrast, the genes which can be replicated in some conditions can be called "Replicable Genes", and the means involving them and their functions can be called "Replicable Gene Means". They include such genes as can be replicated after they are recombined with other genes directly or indirectly through some or no steps of recombinations. It is possible that there are other processes of indirect replications. Accordingly, it is thinkable that most genes including manipulated ones are replicable.

(R1)Mutable Gene Means
    Out of replicable genes, the genes manipulated which are certain to undergo some spontaneous mutations can be called "Mutable Genes", and mutable genes in themselves or the genetic means which involve, out of replicable genes, only mutable genes and their functions can be called "Mutable Gene Means".

(R2)Immutable Gene Means
    The genes manipulated which are not certain to undergo any spontaneous mutations can be called "Immutable Genes ", and immutable genes in themselves or the genetic means which involve some immutable genes and their functions can be called "Immutable gene means".
    Mutablly genetic means and immutablly genetic means will be explained while contrasted.
    When human beings manipulate the genes of some living things and change their base sequences only, those genetic means are equivalent to living things which undergo spontaneous mutations. Accordingly, those manipulated genes are certain to undergo some spontaneous mutations, those gene means are mutable gene means and are certain to be selected in the nature. In addition, when human beings cause some means which are equivalent to living things to involve some genes and their functions whose base sequences only are changed, they are certain to be selected in the nature in the same way. They can be called "Mutable Gene Means Like Living Things".
    In contrast, when human beings manipulate some genes and change their parts other than base sequences, those manipulated genes are not certain to undergo any spontaneous mutations and are immutable genes. In addition, the gene means involving those genes and their functions are immutable gene means, and it is possible that they are not selected in the nature. Above all, when bases in themselves or the chains binding them are changed, those genes are not certain to undergo any spontaneous mutations and are immutable genes. In addition, the gene means involving them and their functions are immutable gene means, and it is possible that they are not selected in the nature. Moreover, even when human beings cause some means unlike living things to involve some genes whose base sequences only are changed, it is possible that those parts unlike living things hinder those genes from undergoing any spontaneous mutations. In this case, those genes are immutable genes, and those means are immutable gene means.
    Those will be explained a little more in detail.
    Even if human beings do not manipulate genes, under natural conditions, the changes of base sequences in genes often occur in all living things. These are spontaneous mutations. The molecular structure which consists of bases, chains, and proteins surrounding them has been comparatively loose. In such a loose structure, genes have replicated themselves wrongly, and base sequences have been changed. These are spontaneous mutations.
    Moreover, many changes of certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves often occur in all living things. However, the materials which have been changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of living things, and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things.
    As a result, certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves of genes have been almost unchanged since the genesis of genes. The genes whose base sequences only have changed are certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the living things which contain only such genes are certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later.
    Moreover, even if the genes of old living things are manipulated and are used as means, when only their base sequences are changed, that is, when they becomes mutable gene means like living things, they are certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later. In addition, if human beings should produce some means which reproduce themselves through mutable genes and which are equivalent to old living things, that is, mutable gene means like living things, they are certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later.
    In contrast, the genes where some things other than base sequences have been changed are not certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the means which involve such genes are not certain to be selected in the nature when they run wild. Above all, the genes where certain kinds of bases themselves or the chains themselves have been changed are not certain to, and the means which involve such genes are not certain to. As was explained above, the materials which have been changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of the living things, and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things. However, it is in natural conditions that they are disposed of in such ways. It is possible that they are not disposed of if human beings add some artificial things to them.
    Even the means which reproduce themselves through mutable genes, if they are not equivalent to old living things, that is, if they are mutable gene means unlike living things, the parts which are not equivalent to living things can inhibit genes' spontaneous mutations, and they can do the same as immutable gene means. Such means are included in immutable gene means.
    After all, it is probable that immutable gene means are not selected in the nature.
    The history of means will be summed up.
    Out of (O)-(R2), (O) began with the genesis of the human beings, the weapons in (P) began with the development of gunpowder, the others in (P) began with the rapid progress of sciences and technology and the Industrial Revolution, (Q) began in the first half of the twentieth century, (R0)(R1) began in the latter half of the twentieth century, and (R2) are beginning in the early twenty-first century.

(W)Weapons
    The means which human being make and use in order to kill, wound, or destroy human beings or their means can be called "Weapons", Arms, or so. Though weapons are made and used in order to destroy human beings and their means, as a result, they destroy some other living thins and some parts of the nature for human being and of that for some other living things, and some of them can cause massive or total destruction. The above (O)-(R2) include the following (O-W)-(R2-W) respectively. Some examples will be enumerated.

(O-W)Instrumental Weapons
    Swords, spears, bows and arrows, and so on
(P-W)Mechanical Weapons
Guns, cannons, bombs, tanks, warships, fighter planes, and so on
(Q-W)Nuclear Weapons
The atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century, the hydrogen bombs in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century, the missiles carrying them, terrors using them, and so on
(R-W)Gene Weapons
Missiles which carry bacteria or viruses whose genes are manipulated, bacteria or viruses whose genes are manipulated and whose infectivities are gained, and so on
(RO-W)Irreplicable Gene Weapons
(R1-W)Mutable Gene Weapons
(R2-W)Immutable Gene Weapons

    Some will be supplemented.
    The means which involve some radiations and do not involve any nuclear changes when used are not included in (Q) nuclear means but included in (P) mechanical means in these books. For example, a medical equipment which uses some radioactive materials which were produced in the manufacturing process of some nuclear weapons or in a nuclear power plant is a mechanical means.
    In contrast, the means which do not involve any genetic changes other than replications, transcriptions, or spontaneous mutations when used and contain some genes manipulated are included in genetic means in these books. For example, the weapons containing viruses whose genes were manipulated days ago are means weapons.
    Chemical weapons are included in mechanical weapons. The seeming chemical weapons involving nuclear changes or genes manipulated are included in nuclear or genetic weapons.
    Viruses and bacteria which have been cultivated and selected by human beings but whose genes have not been manipulated are not so different from natural ones. Accordingly, the biological weapons which contain no genes manipulated are included in (P-W) mechanical weapons in these books.
    If what can be called "Geological Weapons" should be developed, they would try to destroy the earth's crust at a lot of points and involve a lot of nuclear means or weapons. Such are included in nuclear weapons for the time being.
    Carriers like missiles, viruses, and so on are classified according to their contents. For example, the missiles carrying some nuclear weapons are included in nuclear weapons, the viruses carrying some genes manipulated are included in genetic means or weapons, and the missiles carrying some conventional weapons or nothing are included in mechanical weapons.
    Means or weapons which involve some computers, the internet, and so on are classified according to the objects manipulated. For example, if any missiles carrying any nuclear weapons should be shot by the manipulation of computers, such a manipulation would be included in the nuclear weapons.
    From now on, some outsiders or insiders who are actually outsiders can intrude through computers, the internet, or so into the nuclear means or the immutable gene means held by some public or private powers, manipulate, drive them wild, and cause the total destruction. Such outsiders, intrusion, manipulation, and means intruded and manipulated are looked upon as weapons. They can be called "Manipulations by Outsiders" of them or Outsiders' Manipulating them, and are included in weapons in these books.
    Some human beings intend to destroy some other human beings or their means by weapons. However, the weapons destroy not only them but also human beings' nature, some other living things, and their nature. Also through such destruction of the nature, some weapons can cause the total destruction.
    Now, let us look through which of those means or weapons are totally, pre-totally, massively, or less destructive means.

INSTRUMENTAL MEANS

    Instrumental means excluding weapons are not totally, pre-totally, or massively but less destructive means. The wars, autocracies, despotisms, and so on which used instrumental weapons sometimes caused massive destruction. However, anything or anybody only with instrumental means or weapons never cause the total destruction.

MECHANICAL MEANS

    The mechanical means excluding weapons can cause massive destruction when they prosper exceedingly. For example, unless factories, cars, and so on's discharges of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, fluorocarbon, and so on by are restricted, massive destruction will be caused. However, though they can cause massive destruction, they cannot cause the total destruction and are not totally or pre-totally destructive means. That is because the destruction of the nature by such means goes on much more slowly and locally than that by nuclear weapons or immutable gene means do. When they prosper exceedingly, they destroy the nature for human beings, some other living things, and the nature for them, and human beings and those living things will decline. When human beings decline, those means decline, the nature for human beings and that for those living things revive, and so human beings and those living things revive. That is, such means do not deviate from the cycle of prosper and decline which was explained earlier.
    The mechanical weapons can cause massive destruction, above all, in war, autocracy, despotism, and so on. However, they cannot cause the total destruction. Even if all the mechanical weapons on the earth are used in a day, they cannot. In addition, chemical weapons can cause massive destruction more than the other mechanical weapons. However, even if all of them on the earth are used in a day, they cannot cause the total destruction. Biological weapons excluding genetic weapons can cause massive destruction. However, how hard human beings cultivate, select, or refine them, unless their genes are manipulated, they do not make much difference from old bacteria or viruses, and they cannot cause the total destruction.
    In such ways, mechanical means including weapons are not totally but massive destructive means. It is not that they may be neglected. However, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means needs to be given priority to. We, human beings, need to abolish and prevent mechanical weapons after we totally abolish and prevent totally destructive means.

NUCLEAR MEANS

    Nuclear means excluding the nuclear weapons like nuclear power plants can cause the research and development of nuclear weapons as totally destructive means, and so they are pre-totally destructive means. The nuclear means excluding the nuclear weapons are not totally but pre-totally destructive means and massively destructive means. For example, a nuclear power plant excluding completely the intrusion by outsiders is not included in totally destructive means. However, it should not be neglected that they are pre-totally and massively destructive means. It is true that they should be abolished. However, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means needs to be given priority to.
    If a certain number (z) or more of the nuclear means excluding nuclear weapons on the earth like nuclear power plants should run wild in a few days, the total destruction can be caused. However, such things never happen spontaneously but are certain to be caused by some high strategy, technology, manipulations of computers, and so on, are included in manipulations of nuclear means by outsiders which were explained earlier, and are included in nuclear weapons. That is, manipulations of nuclear means by outsiders are included in nuclear weapons, can cause the total destruction, and are totally destructive means.
    As for clear nuclear weapons, when a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of nuclear weapons are used in some situations, the total destruction will be caused, and so nuclear weapons are totally destructive means. For example, as is repeated, When a certain number (z) or more of hydrogen bombs belonging to nuclear weapons which some state powers have held in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century are used in most of the continents and seas on both the hemisphere, by the radiations directly and indirectly caused by them, first, the genes of a lot of living things on land and in the swallow underground and sea will be destroyed or mutated, they will be killed or will suffer from cancer or infertility, and so they will be extinguished. Second, respiration, photosynthesis, and the food chain there will not function, and so all the living things there will be extinguished. Third, the food chain from the land and the swallow underground and sea will be extinguished, and the living things in the deep underground and sea will be extinguished. Finally, the total destruction will be caused. From now on, not only some public but also private powers can research, develop, hold, and use nuclear weapons. In addition, as explained earlier, it is possible that some outsiders or insiders who are actually outsiders intrude into them and manipulate them, that some insiders lose the ability to control them, and that some aging, breaking down, accident, and so on of them happen beyond human reasons.
    The atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century in themselves are not totally destructive means but pre-totally destructive means and massively destructive means. However, the research and development of them after the twenty-first century immediately cause those of nuclear weapons as totally destructive means. Accordingly, atomic bombs are included in totally destructive means and in nuclear weapons in these books.
    In such ways, when totally destructive means are defined, they need to include the means which immediately cause the research and development of them. Accordingly, their definition have included "some subgroups".
    In such ways, nuclear weapons can cause radiations, and the latter destroy the genes when used. In such a way, they destroy genes indirectly. In contrast, human beings are manipulating genes directly in the following way.

IRREPLICABLE GENE MEANS

    Irreplicable gene means can cause massive destruction and are massively destructive means. For example, though they cannot replicate or reproduce themselves, the bacteria or viruses whose genes have been manipulated and whose infectivity or toxicity has been increased can cause massive destruction when a lot of them go out of laboratories. Irreplicable gene weapons can cause massive destruction more than those excluding weapons can and are massively destructive means. However, because irreplicable genes cannot replicate themselves and because irreplicable gene means cannot reproduce themselves, they cannot reproduce themselves endlessly, cannot cause total destruction, and are not totally destructive means.

MUTABLE GENE MEANS

    The possibility of mutable gene means' causing massive destruction is larger than that of irreplicable gene means'. The possibility of mutable gene weapons' causing massive destruction is larger than that of mutable means excluding weapons'. That is because mutable genes can replicate themselves and because it is possible that mutable gene means containing such genes reproduce themselves.
    It seems that mutable gene means containing such genes can reproduce themselves endlessly and can cause the total destruction.
    However, mutable genes contained in mutable gene means can undergo spontaneous mutations. As was explained earlier, out of the living things containing some genes which have undergone spontaneous mutations, only a few that can exist and function and reproduce themselves in their nature and the periphery through generations can exist and function as species. This is the "Natural Selection". Whether they are weapons or not, however wide they spread in living things and their nature, mutable gene means containing only some mutable genes or only some mutable genes and some irreplicable genes which can undergo spontaneous mutations are only selected in the nature in the same way as traditional living things are. Simply, the mutable gene means, at most, do not exceed the most fierce pathogen.
    That is, whether or not they are weapons, mutable gene means cannot cause the total destruction, are not totally destructive means, but are massively destructive means.
    However, those are true as long as genetic means are equivalent to old living things. If they are not, the parts which are not equivalent to living things can hinder those genes from undergoing any spontaneous mutations, those genes are included in immutable genes, and those means are included in immutable gene means which will be explained below.
    In addition, it is not that irreplicable and mutable gene means may be neglected. However, there is a job which have priority.

IMMUTABLE GENE MEANS

    In contrast, it is possible that immutable genes do not undergo any spontaneous mutations, and that immutable gene means containing some immutable genes are not selected in the nature. We cannot measure how such means behave themselves with any pieces of science and technology. For example, they can reproduce themselves endlessly and run wild, and their pseudo genes can be recombined with those of true living things including human beings, and they can disorder living things endlessly and can cause the total destruction. However, that is only an example of them. Again, it is immeasurable how they behave themselves. Nobody can say that they never cause the total destruction. That is, it is not certain that immutable gene means never cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means.
    Of course, immutable gene weapons are totally destructive means. Whether they are weapons or not, immutable gene means are totally destructive means.
    In addition, as was explained earlier, even if means are seemingly gene means which do not involve immutable genes and do involve mutable genes, when those means involve some parts unlike living things, those parts can hinder those seeming mutable genes from undergoing any spontaneous mutations, and it is possible that those means are not selected in the nature. Such genes are immutable genes, and such means are immutable gene means. That is, mutable gene means unlike living things are immutable gene means and are totally destructive means. That is, even if genes are mutable ones, if the means involving them are unlike living things, it is possible that the genes do not undergo spontaneous mutations, and that those means are not selected in the nature and are totally destructive means.
    In addition, the manipulations of immutable gene means by some outsiders are included in the immutable gene weapons and are totally destructive means.
    These do not depend on whether or not they are weapons, whether the researchers, developers, holders, or users are public or private powers or insiders or outsiders, or whether the stages are research, development, hold, or use. For example, even when a few immutable genes generated in a test tube are drained into the sink, it cannot be said that this never cause the total destruction.
    As was explained earlier, though certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves often changes in all living things, the materials changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of living things and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things. In contrast, it is possible that immutable genes made with human ingenuity are not resolved, captured, or discharged. When they are not resolved, captured, or discharged, it is immeasurable how they behave themselves.
    When a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of nuclear weapons are used in some situations, they cause the total destruction. In nuclear weapons, the number (z), the subgroups, and the situations are comparatively clear and the number is comparatively large. In contrast, only a few immutable gene means can cause the total destruction, a certain number (z) is comparatively vague and small or one. In addition, the distinction among research, development, hold, and use is vague in them. For example, as is repeated, even when a few immutable genes generated in a test tube are drained into the sink, it cannot be said that they never cause the total destruction.
    Of course, immutable gene weapons are totally destructive means. However, the immutable gene means excluding weapons can be looked upon as weapons, too. Metaphorically, changing genes in itself is the blasphemy against all living things and their nature.
    Now, it turns out that irreplicable and mutable gene means can cause the research and development of immutable gene means, and that the former are the pre-totally destructive means for the latter. This needs to be researched and foreseen, and the latter need to be prevented in the stage of the former.

PRACTICAL WAYS TO PREVENT IMMUTABLE GENE MEANS

    The following is the practical way to prevent immutable gene means.
    Theoretically, it is the way to distinguish between immutable gene means and the others to confirm whether or not their genes manipulated can undergo spontaneous mutations. However, such a way is vague and takes a long time. Accordingly, we need to adopt the following way though immutable gene means will be classified into a larger group.
    It is possible that the genes manipulated where something other than their base sequences is changed, for example, where their bases themselves or chains themselves are changed do not undergo spontaneous mutations and they are immutable genes. It is easier to confirm that nothing other than their base sequences is changed in genes manipulated than to confirm that they can undergo spontaneous mutations. Accordingly, in gene manipulation, first, it is the practical way to prevent immutable gene means that nothing other than base sequences be changed.
    Second, even if the manipulated genes are genes whose base sequence only are changed, if the gene means involving them involve some materials and functions unlike living things, it is possible that they hinder those genes from undergoing any spontaneous mutations. Accordingly, in gene manipulations, second, it is the practical way to prevent immutable gene means that nobody make genetic means involve any materials and functions unlike living things.

PREVENTING OVERRESTRICTION AGAINST GENE MANIPULATION

    The overrestriction against gene manipulation can be prevented by confining totally destructive means in gene means to immutable gene means.
    Above all, the human daily desires to want to live long and to be healthy and to want their families, friends, and so on to do so and to be so are serious. The gene means other than immutable gene means, that is, irreplicable gene means and mutable gene means can satisfy that desire.

ARTIFICIAL DRASTIC CHANGES

    In one of the above sections, "Geological Weapons" were included in nuclear weapons. However, it will be reviewed. In addition, the drastic change of the earth or the sun will be reviewed.
    No human beings or nobody cannot stop the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun like aging or collapse. If a few human beings or living things were to emigrate to another system and to exist, it could not be looked upon as the earth's living things' existing. That is because such emigrants evolve to a direction quite different from that of the earth's or are extinguished.
    As was explained earlier, if human beings should induce drastic change of the earth's crust and cause the total destruction, it is caused by nuclear means and it is included in nuclear weapons. However, there are some other ways to cause drastic change. It may be impossible to change the orbits of any planets or satellites of the solar system, However, it is probable that human beings change those of some of the asteroids which are distributed between those of some planet, have them collide with or come close to the earth, and cause the total destruction. It is possible without nuclear means. In addition, it is possible, even if human beings do not intentionally try to, for example, by some accidents while they are exploring them or extracting their resources. There are some theories that a lot of species including dinosaurs were extinguished by the collusion of some giant meteorites. Whether or not it was true, it is probable that celestial bodies larger than asteroids extinguish living things. It is probable that some human means intentionally or accidentally change the orbit of an asteroid. They may change even that of a satellite, for example, the moon. Their collusion with or approach to the earth which is naturally caused can be looked upon the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. However, that which is caused by the means manipulated by human being, whether intentionally or accidentally, can be looked upon as the total destruction, and the means as totally destructive means. Including drastic change of the earth's crust explained above, we had better classify such into a special group of the total destruction or totally destructive means. Human beings' inducing drastic change of the earth or the sun in those ways can be called "Artificial Drastic Changes (of the Earth or the Sun)" or Drastic Changes (of the Earth or the Sun) Induced by Human Beings, and the means inducing it can be called "Means Inducing Drastic Changes (of the Earth or the Sun)" or Artificial Drastic Changes (of the Earth or the Sun). That is, the words of Artificial Drastic Changes (of the Earth or the Sun) can designate not only the total destruction but also totally destructive means.

CONFINING TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    On the above grounds, nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic changes are not certain that they never cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means. Then, is it only they that are totally destructive means.
    As was explained earlier, human beings can cause the total destruction not with bare hands or bodies but with self-made means. Without means, far from causing the total destruction, they could not do anything. Means can be divided into (O)-(R2) explained above. Even weapons can be divided into (O-W)-(R2-W) explained above. Out of them, the totally destructive means are (Q-W) and (R2). However, it is not certain that the other means never cause or induce the drastic change of the earth or the sun. Accordingly, artificial drastic change of the earth or the sun were classified into a special group of totally destructive means. Only on those grounds, it is clear that only (Q-W), (R2), and artificial drastic changes are totally destructive means. It will be reviewed from another point of view in this section.
    Excluding the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, so that the total extinction of the living things on the earth can be caused, it is necessary that most of their genes are destroyed or changed. What can cause such destruction or change of genes is only radiation and genes, and the others cannot.
    First, radiation destroy genes roughly, and so a lot of it is necessary for the extinction. It is only some changes of atomic nuclei directly or indirectly that generate such a lot of radiation. Though the changes of atomic nuclear or the generation of radiation could be caused in the nature, if they extinguished living things, they could be included in the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, and they are not included in the total destruction by human beings. In the changes of atomic nuclei, excluding the natural drastic changes, it is only those induced by human beings that can extinguish living things. Nuclear means excluding nuclear weapons, when a lot of them run wild almost simultaneously, can cause the total destruction. However, such running wild is certain to be caused by some human beings' intention, and can be looked upon as weapons. On those grounds, in the things generating radiation, it is only nuclear weapons that can cause the total destruction.
    Second, pseudo genes or pseudo living things containing them are taken in true living things including human beings or recombined with their genes and destroy or change their genes or disorder them. However, so that living things can be extinguished, such destruction, change, or disorder need to be caused endlessly. If genes undergo spontaneous mutation and if the things containing them are selected in the nature, those cannot be caused endlessly. On those grounds, in the things containing genes, it is only immutable gene means that can cause total destruction.
    Third, the drastic change of the earth or the sun can extinguish the living things on the earth, and it is not certain that human beings never cause or induce it by any means.
    On those grounds, only nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, artificial drastic changes of the earth or the sun can cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means. That is, human beings only need to totally abolish and prevent nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, artificial drastic change in order to prevent the total destruction of living things including human beings and to secure the minimum existence of the living things.

CLEARANCE OF RESIGNATION AND PESSIMISM

    In such ways, as long as human beings totally abolish and prevent nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic change of the earth or the sun, even if they and their means prosper exceedingly, they only decline or are extinguished, living things and the nature for their existence and evolution are revived, and they exist and function until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun.
    Moreover, when we compare nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic changes and the means excluding them, the latter destroy much more slowly and locally than the former do. On this ground, as long as human beings totally abolish and prevent the former, even if they and their means prosper exceedingly, they only decline and are not extinguished, living things including human beings or evolved human beings and the nature for their existence and evolution are revived, and they will exist until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. Now, it turns out that living things including human beings or evolved human beings can exist only by totally abolishing and preventing nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic change of the earth or the sun. That is, now, it turns out that the security of the minimum existence of living things have already included that of human beings or evolved ones.
    In addition, it turns out that the security of the minimum existence of living things may include that of evolved human beings. Are there any problems with our evolving? Such human beings as have researched, developed, held totally destructive means and as can cause the total destruction had better evolve. If they evolved, they would not get worse than the present human beings.
    Through the functions of the emotions like resignation, pessimism, and so on, the possibility of human beings' totally abolishing and preventing totally destructive means gets smaller, and that of their causing the total destruction gets larger. It needs to be emphasized that living things including human beings or evolved human beings can exist and function only by totally abolishing and preventing the nuclear weapons, the immutable gene means, and artificial drastic changes of the earth or the sun so that such emotions can be prevented.

NECESSITY TO DEFINE TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS AND TO GIVE PRIORITY TO THE TOTAL ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF THEM

    Also on the following grounds, we need to define the totally destructive means, to emphasize that only nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, artificial drastic change of the earth or the sun are totally destructive means, and to give priority to the total abolition and prevention of them.
    As was explained earlier, the more not only totally and pre-totally destructive means but also the massively and less destructive ones are restrained, the more daily desires and lives are restricted, the less human beings function also for the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives also for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Of course, also for themselves, and for freedom itself, little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives.
    Not only enterprises but also daily lives accompany some destruction of the nature like environmental pollution, resource depletion, and so on. A lot of daily lives are restricted for the strict preservation of the nature. However, as was explained earlier, the destruction of the nature cannot cause the total destruction, and enterprises and daily lives accompanying it are not totally or pre-totally destructive means but massively or less destructive ones. Accordingly, the preservation of the nature do not need to be so strict as the total abolition and prevention of the totally destructive means do. Again, not that we do not need to preserve the nature, but that the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means need to be given priority, and that little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives for themselves and for freedom itself.
    Above all, the daily desires to live long and for his or her family, friends, and so on to live long are serious, and little or no restriction needs to be imposed on the science and technology for the sake of human health. The medicine involving some irreplicable or mutable gene means and involving no immutable genes means can satisfy such desires and lives. As was explained earlier, irreplicable and mutable gene means are included in massively destructive means, immutable gene means are included in totally destructive means, and the restriction against the former do not need to be so strict as the total abolition and prevention of the latter.
    In addition, from now on, it is possible that the holders of powers emphasize too much the existence of living things or human beings and restrict too much daily desires and lives. Moreover, it is possible that they make the false totally destructive means seem to be true ones in order to make the research, development, hold of totally destructive means, going to war, to despotism, and so on unclear. Autocracy, despotism, totalitarianism, and so on never function both for daily desires and lives and for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. That is because holders of powers tend to do anything that they can at the then present in order to maintain or expand powers, and because they tend to develop and hold totally destructive means nowadays and from now on. In order to restrain them, to satisfy daily desires and lives, and to totally abolish and prevent totally destructive means, we need to enlarge liberal rights, social rights, political rights, democratic systems, separations of powers, the rule of law, the right to exist in general.
    On the above grounds, we need to define totally destructive means, to emphasize that only nuclear weapons, immutable gene means, and artificial drastic change of the earth or the sun are totally destructive means, and to give priority to the total abolition and prevention of them.

EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

    Non-democratic and non-separative systems of autocracy, despotism, and so on prompt the research, development, hold, and use of totally destructive means and restrain the total abolition and prevention of them. Liberal rights, political rights, social rights, democratic systems, separations of powers, the rule of law, and the right to exist in general are called Democratic and Separative Systems in this section. They restrain the research, development, hold, and use of them and promote the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Of course, non-democratic and non-separative systems restrict daily desires and lives, and the democratic and separative systems promote them. In order not only to promote daily desires and lives but also to totally abolish and prevent totally destructive means, we need to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems and to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, democratic and separative systems have the functions to prevent non-democratic and non-separative systems and to protect themselves. In order to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems, we need to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, in order not only to promote daily desires and lives but also to totally abolish and prevent totally destructive means, we need to restrain war, massacres, collective violence, and so on. In order to restrain them, we need to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems and to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, it is necessary that we do not allow non-democratic and non-separative systems to rise on the pretext of securing the existence of the whole of living things or human beings. In order to prevent such allowance, we need to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems.
    On those grounds, in short, existence and liberty need to be and can be consistent.

References

EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

SEPARATING EACH STATE POWER INTO THE TWO SYSTEMS OF THAT OF THE RULE OF LAW PROTECTING LIBERAL RIGHTS AND THAT OF THE HUMAN RULE SECURING SOCIAL RIGHTS

A TRILOGY ON PSYCHOLOGY



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