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DETAILS OF EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

BASIC WORDS

    In this book, this "DETAILS OF EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY" is also called "This Book". This book, "EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY", "SEPARATING EACH STATE POWER INTO THE TWO SYSTEMS OF THAT OF THE RULE OF LAW PROTECTING LIBERAL RIGHTS AND THAT OF THE HUMAN RULE SECURING SOCIAL RIGHTS", "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING EGOS", "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS", and "PARTICULAR THINGS AND GENERAL THINGS" are also called "These Books" in this book. "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING EGOS", and "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS" are also called "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE" as a book in these books.
    In this book, the words of material things, properties, functions, living things, living functions, animals, animal functions, sensations, memories, feelings, desires, egos, thinkings, habits, their existing and functioning, and so on basically designate the same things as in "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE". Please refer to them for the details. However, there would be no serious problems if it was thought that those words designate the same things as designated in our daily life and in conventional science. The meanings of some important words and the differences of the meanings of some words from in "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE" will be explained briefly.
    In "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE", the distinction between beings like material things, living things, animals, human beings, and so on and their properties including their functions like material functions, living functions, animal functions, human functions, and so on was important. The distinction between them is not so important in this book. In addition, in "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE", being or existence was premised on, and functions are more important than it. In this book, though functions are important, being or existence is no less important than them. Accordingly, a material thing and its material properties including material functions, a living thing and its living properties including living functions, an animal and its animal properties including animal functions, a human being and his or her human properties including human functions, or so are also called a "Material Thing", a "Living Thing", an "Animal", a "Human Being", or so in this book. In "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE", the distinction between a material thing's being caused or changed and its properties including its functions' being caused or changed was important. The distinction between them is not so important in this book. Accordingly, a material thing's being caused or changed and its material properties including material functions' being caused or changed, a living thing's being caused or changed and its living properties including living functions' being caused or changed, or so is also called the Material Thing's Being Caused or "Existing and Functioning", the Living Thing's Being Caused or Existing and Functioning, There's Existing and Functioning a Material Thing, There's Existing and Functioning a Living Thing, and so on in this book. For example, human beings have existed and functioned for millions of years. Above all, a living thing's existing and functioning can be called its "Living".
    Again, human beings are included in animals, animals are included in living things, and living things are included in material things.
    Every material thing is functioned to by some other material things and functions to some other material things directly or indirectly. It is impossible to enumerate all of the other material things that a material thing is functioned to by and functions to directly and indirectly. For example, an individual is functioned to directly by the sights, sounds, and touches of the following, indirectly by his or her family, teachers, and classmates, or boss, colleagues, and staff in his or her home, school, or company, more indirectly by other families, schools, companies, and so on, and they are endless. Accordingly, the words "directly or indirectly" and most of the other material things that are self-evident are omitted in these books. For example, when the animals' neural systems are explained, because the supplies of oxygen, glucose, and so on are self-evident, they are omitted.
    A material thing which has the property of synthesizing some macromolecules like proteins, lipids, saccharides, and nucleic acids, that of consisting of them, and that of reproducing some other material things which have the same necessary properties as it has can be called a "Living Thing". In addition, the functions which a living thing has can be called its "Living Functions", and a living thing and its properties including living functions can be called a "Living Thing". Living functions include nonsexual and sexual reproduction. The genesis of living things in themselves, of cellular membranes, of genes, of cells, of multicellular organisms, and of species, evolution, and so on are larger functions involving or bordering on living functions.
    The words of all living things sometimes designate an infinite number of living things which exist and function in the space which has endless space and time. However, the living things on a star never or rarely function to or are functioned to by those on another star. Accordingly, all of the living things on a star are also called "All Living Things", and part of them are also called "Part of the Living Things" in these books. Above all, all of the living things on the earth are also called "All Living Things", and part of them are also called "Part of the Living Things" in these books. In addition, all or part of the living things can be called "Living Things". In contrast, the living things on somewhere other than the earth are also called "Material Things Similar to the Earth's Living Things" in these books.

SPECIES OF LIVING THINGS

    When the living things belonging to a group (A) reproduce the living things having the same necessary properties as they have or the living things belonging to a group (B)(♀) and a group (C)(♂) function to one another and reproduce the living things having the same properties common to (B) and (C), (A) or (B) and (C) can be called a "Species of Living Things" or a "Species".
    A living thing which can exist and function spatially separated from the other living things can be called an "Individual of Living Things" or an "Individual". Most animals which we see in our daily life are individuals.
    In "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE", the individuals of animals and human beings were important. In contrast, the species of living things, animals, and human beings are important in this book. Accordingly, some species of living things are also called "Some Living Things", and all the species of the living things are also called "Living Things" in this book. All the species having sensations or more can be called "Animals Having Sensations or More" or "Animals". All the species having photosynthesis as functions can be called "Plants Having Photosynthesis" or "Plants".
    In "PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE", in human beings, individuals of human beings were important. In contrast, in this book, first, the species of "Homo sapiens" is important. Accordingly the species of "Homo sapiens" is also called "Human Beings" or "We" in this book. Second, the groups, the groups of groups, and so on of the human beings are important. Accordingly, a group, a group of groups, and so on of human beings are also called "Human Beings", the "Societies of Human Beings", the "Human Societies", the "Societies", or "We" in this book. Third, individuals of human beings are important. Accordingly, an individual of human beings is also called "An Individual", "A Human Being", a "Citizen", a "General Citizen", or "Each of Us" in this book. Again and again, human beings are included in animals, animals are included in living things, and living things are included in the material things.

POSSIBILITIES AND ABILITIES

    The "possibility" of a material thing's existing and functioning involves those of some other material things' existing and functioning. In contrast to possibility, the possibility of a material thing's existing and functioning which is intrinsic to that material thing can be called the material thing's "Ability" or Capability. Please refer to "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING HABITS" for animals' "Habits". However, there will be no serious problems if it is thought that the words of a habit designate the same as designated in our daily life and conventional science. Anyway, human beings are included in animals, and have human habits.

NATURE

    As was explained above, the possibility of some material things' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things' existing and functioning. The possibility of some living things' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things including some other living things' existing and functioning. The possibility of a species' existing and functioning involves those of some other material things including some other species' existing and functioning. For example, the possibility of human beings' existing and functioning involves those of the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, the photosynthesis by the plants, the food chains from microorganism via plants to some other animals, and so on's existing and functioning. Moreover, there exist and function some other material things including some other species without which none of a species can exist or function. There exist and function some other material things without which none of the species on the earth can exist and function. Some other material things including some other species without which none of a species can exist or function can be called the "Species' Nature" or the "Nature for the Species". In addition, some other material things without which none of the living things on the earth can exist or function can be called "All Living Thing's Nature", "Living Things' Nature", the "Nature for All Living Things", or the "Nature for Living Things". For example 1, the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, photosynthesis by plants, food chains from microorganism via plants to other animals, and so on are human beings' nature or the nature for human beings. For example 2, the sun, the earth, water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and so on are all living things' nature or the nature for all living things. When it is clear what the nature is for, the modifiers "some living things'", "for some living things", and so on will be omitted and the words "the nature" can be used.
    Some living things can exist and function temporarily even when most of their nature does not exist or function. However, when their nature does not exist or function, the living things will be extinguished soon. For example, even if several women and men, several pets, a space ship, oxygen, water, food, clothes, fuel, drugs, and so on for thousands of years exist and function, they will be extinguished in a few generations through the decrease of the abilities of immunity, those of sexual functions, and so on. Some living things' existing and functioning temporarily even if most of their nature does not exist or function is not included in living things' existing and functioning, and such bogus nature is not included in the nature in these books. For example, several pets, a space ship, oxygen, water, food, clothes, fuel, drugs, and so on for thousands of years are not included in living things' nature in these books.
    Living things in themselves were generated in the most limited nature. The cellular membranes, the genes, and the cells were generated in comparatively limited nature. As is one of the most important, living things in themselves were generated on the dateless earth, and it is thought that they cannot be generated on the present earth.

GENES AND EVOLUTION

    Genes consist of certain kinds of "Bases" and certain chains called "Nucleotides" which bind bases. The permutations of the bases are the "Base Sequences" of genes. The base sequences of genes determine most of the living things. Base sequences often change spontaneously. This is a "Spontaneous Mutation". Of the living things involving genes having undergone some spontaneous mutations, only a few that can exist and function and reproduce themselves in their nature and the periphery through generations can exist and function as species. In other words, most of the living things involving genes which have undergone some spontaneous mutations cannot exist or function as species. These can be called the living things' "Natural Selections", "Selections in the Nature", or "Being Selected in the Nature". Because we who are now existing have been selected in the nature, we hardly see the severity of the natural selections. Again, most of the living things involving genes which have undergone some spontaneous mutations cannot exist or function as species. Even if we, human beings, manipulate genes wrongly, as long as the products can undergo some spontaneous mutations and natural selections, they cannot reproduce themselves endlessly and cannot extinguish all of the living things including human beings. However, when they cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations or natural selections, what will happen? It is immeasurable.
    Some species cause some other species by means of some spontaneous mutations and natural selections. Some species' causing some other species by means of some spontaneous mutations and natural selections can be called some species or living things' "Evolution" or "Evolving" to some other species or living things.
    Genes undergo some spontaneous mutations, the living things having genes are selected in the nature and evolve. Things other than genes cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations, living things having no genes cannot be selected in the nature and cannot evolve and can exist and function in some other ways. Moreover, genes have consisted of certain kinds of bases and certain chains which have been unchanged, maybe, since the genesis of genes. Such genes have undergone spontaneous mutations, and living things involving such genes have been selected in the nature and have evolved. If there exist and function some genes where certain kinds of bases themselves or certain chains themselves have been changed, it is possible that such bogus genes cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations, and the bogus living things having such cannot be selected in the nature, cannot evolve, and can exist and function in some other ways.
    Evolution has not continuous but discrete quantity as a property because it is a change from some species to some other species. Even if the quantity is represented with the frequency of changes of base sequences, it is discrete quantity. Being large or small of such quantity of evolution from some species to some other species can be called some species or living things' evolving "Much or a Little" to some other species or living things.
    The more living things evolve, the more various their nature gets. For example, the food chains from microorganisms via plants to plant-eating animals need to exist and function so that meat-eating animals can exist and function, and such chains are rather various. By evolution, in more various nature, more various species, multicellular organisms, plants having photosynthesis, animals having sensations, animals having memories, and so on are generated.
    As was explained in "A PSYCHOLOGY OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES", if no sensations were generated, no memories could be generated. Every animal having memories has sensations. All the animals having memories have evolved from some animals having sensations and no memories. All the functions like perceptions, associations, feelings, desires, egos, thoughts, and so on involve some recollections of images which are involved in memories. None of those functions could have been generated if no memories had been generated. Every animal having those functions has memories. All the animals having those functions have evolved from some animals having memories and none of those functions. After all, in the long view, all the animals having those functions have evolved from some animals having sensations, having no memories, and having none of those functions. Accordingly, sensations and the functions which could not be generated without sensations can be called the "Sensations or More", and the memories and the functions which could not be generated without memories can be called the "Memories or More". Most of the animal kingdom including the vertebrates have sensations or more, and most of the vertebrates and some of the arthropods have memories or more.
    The more a species evolves, the more it needs to "Live Close Together With" other various species. For example, human beings need to live close together with various microorganisms, plants, other animals in the mountains, rivers, seas, planes, and towns which have seasons. Crops and domestic animals are looked upon as plants and animals which we live close together with. Getting immunity from weaker bacteria and viruses is looked upon as living close together with them so that we can defend ourselves against stronger ones. By definition, such other various species as are lived together with are included in a species' nature. Moreover, such other various species as are lived close together with need to exist and function, and the various nature for them need to exist and function. By definition, such various nature for such various other species as are lived together with are also included in a species' nature.
    Moreover, the more a species evolves, the more it needs to "Struggle With" various species so that they can not only exist and function but also evolve more. For example, human beings need to struggle not only with what is called beasts and vermin but also with bacteria and viruses in order to evolve more. So that the other various species which are struggled with can be exist and function, the various nature for them need to exist and function. Such various species as are struggled with and their nature which are necessary for a species to evolve even once can be called the species' "Nature for Evolution".
    For the living things to evolve, the living things need not only to exist and function by themselves but also to reproduce themselves, and the genetic replications, repairs, sexual functions, and so on need to exist and function. By definition, they are included in living things themselves.
    Living things' nature overlaps with their nature for evolution. For example, the animals which live together with and which struggle with live in the same mountain, grassland, forest, river, lake, or sea. Some species or living things' nature and their nature for evolution which overlap in this way are also called the "Nature for them and Evolution", their Nature, the Nature for them, the Nature in these books. That is, the nature or so sometimes includes the nature for evolution in these books. However, when the nature for evolution needs to be emphasized, the words of the nature for them and evolution are used in these books.
    In those ways, the nature for more evolved living things is more various than that for less evolved ones, the nature for the former's evolution is more various than that for the latter's evolution, and the nature for the former and evolution is more various than that for the latter and evolution. The nature for animals having memories or more is more various than that for animals having sensations and no memories. As is one of the most important, the nature for animals having sensations or more is more various than the living things having no sensations.
    When evolution of species is compared, evolution has not only quantity but also direction as a property. For example, "photosynthesis without sensations (plants) ⇔ sensations without photosynthesis (animals)" are an opposite direction. "Gymnosperms→angiosperms" or "having sensations and having no memories→having memories or more" is a quantity toward a certain direction. The direction which some species' evolution to some other species has as a property can be represented with some living functions like photosynthesis, sensations, memories, and so on. In addition, being large or small of the quantity toward a certain direction of some species' evolution to some other species can be called some living thing's evolving Much or Less to a Certain Direction.
    The more a species evolves to a certain direction, the less the possibility that it evolves to the opposite direction gets. For example, the possibility that microorganisms evolve to animals is larger than that of plants' doing that. The possibility that microorganisms evolve to plants is larger than that of animals' doing that. It is impossible that angiosperms having photosynthesis evolve to animals having sensations or more. It is impossible that animals having sensations or more evolve to angiosperms.
    As is one of the most important, the possibility that living things having no sensations evolve to animals having sensations or more is little for the above and the following reasons. Some neural cells, neural groups, and neural systems need to be generated so that the sensations or more can be generated. Though living things in themselves were generated in the most limited nature, the neural cells, neural groups, and neural systems were generated in the comparatively limited nature.
    Compared with those, the possibility that some animals having sensations and no memories evolve to some animals having memories or more is much larger. If the animals having memories or more are extinguished, as long as there exist and function some animals having sensations and no memories and the nature for them and evolution, the latter are certain to evolve to the former. Far from that, such a piece of evolution will be caused countlessly by the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun.

THE DEVIATION FROM THE CYCLE OF PROSPER AND DECLINE

    However, when the earth or the sun ages or dies in the natural course, all the living things on the earth will be extinguished. No living things including human beings can stop such natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. It is only a fiction that some human beings migrate to a planet of another system and survive. If it were possible, we could not recognize that kind of survival as the existence of living things including human beings. Because such human beings evolve or decline in a way different from the living things on the earth in the different nature of a different planet in a different system, we could not recognize them as the living things on the earth.
    However, in the space which has endless space and time, an infinite number of material things similar to the earth's living things exist and function forever, and by an infinite number of functions similar to the evolution on the earth, an infinite number of material things similar to the animals having sensations or more on the earth exist and function forever.
    However, each of us wants to be borne and to live as a material thing similar to a human being at least till the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, and wants to feel, suffer, enjoy, love one another, talk with friends about human lives. That is the ultimate desire possible to satisfy beyond life and death.
    However, we, human beings, can extinguish all living things including human beings. Why?
    From the beginning, not only human beings but also many living things often function to some of the same species, some other species, the same species' nature, or some other species' nature, so that some of the same species or some other species do not exist or function. This can be called the "Destruction" of some living things by some or some living things' destroying some. In this way, some living things often destroy some by destroying their nature.
    In addition, not only human beings but also many living things often function to the same species' nature or some other species' nature, so that some of the same species or some other species do not exist or function. This can be called the Destruction of the same species or some other species' Nature by some living things or some living things' Destroying the same species or some other species' Nature.
    From the beginning, any species that has prospered exceedingly destroy the same species' nature, some other species, and some other species' nature by the prosper, and the species is extinguished or declines by the destruction of the same species' nature. However, by the extinction, some other species and some other species' nature revive. Moreover, by the decline, the same species' nature revives, and so the species revive. These can be called the "Cycle of Prosper and Decline". That is, the traditional living things cannot extinguish all living things by such cycles.
    In contrast, we, human beings can extinguish all living things by the deviation from the cycle of prosper and decline. Why? That is because nuclear weapons and immutable gene means which will be defined later can destroy living things' genes on all the earth in a short time. While the traditional living things have left the room for the survivals of themselves or some other species by the cycle of prosper and decline, we, human beings, have deviated from that cycle with nuclear weapons and immutable gene means and can leave no room for themselves or any other species.
    In addition, human beings make, use, and leave means like tools, houses, clothes, and so on. Means include the weapons like swords, bows and arrows, rifles, missiles, and so on. Nuclear weapons and immutable gene means are the most sophisticated of the means that human beings have ever made. In addition, human beings breed and use or eat domestic animals and crops. In addition, human beings transmit and leave how to make and to use means by not only spoken words but also written words, signs, and so on. While other living things leave almost none but their genes, human beings leave not only their genes but also written words, signs, means, how to make and to use means, and so on. In this way, science and technology make progress. It is through their progress that human beings have deviated from the cycle of prosper and decline.

MINIMUM EXISTENCE OF LIVING THINGS

    As was explained earlier, while the possibility that living things having no sensations evolve to animals having sensations or more is little, the possibility that animals having sensations and having no memories evolve to animals having memories or more by that time is much larger. As long as animals having sensations and the nature for them and evolution exist and function, they are certain to evolve to animals having memories or more.
    On the grounds which have been explained from the beginning to here in this book, on the earth before the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, the existing and functioning of a few species of animals having sensations and of the nature for them and evolution can be called living things' "Minimum Existence" or Existing Minimum. As long as there exist and function a few species of animals having sensations and the nature for them and evolution, they evolve to animals having memories or more. Living things need to exist minimum so that the ultimate desire can be satisfied.
    The nature for a few species of animals having sensations and evolution involve various microorganisms, plants, and animals, and so the minimum existence involves the existence of unexpectedly various living things. We should always pay attention to this.
    Of course, each of us seeks the self's existence, and human beings seek their existence. They rarely seek other living things' existence. However, the nature for human beings needs to exist and function so that they can exist, and such nature is considerably various. That is, human beings' seeking their own existence includes seeking various living things and their nature's existence. Accordingly, the former is not always human beings' egoism. In addition, as was explained earlier, the nature for animals having memories or more are more various than that of animals having sensations and having no memories. On those grounds, on the earth before the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, the existing and functioning of some species of animals having memories or more including some human beings and of the nature for them and evolution can be called living things' "Various Existence" or "Existing Variously".
    In addition, living things' minimum existence or various existence can be called Living Things' "Existence", "Existing", or Our Existence, or Existing.
    In contrast to minimum existence, on the earth before the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, not existing and functioning of any species of animals having sensations or more or of the nature for them and evolution can be called living things' "Total Extinction" or "Being Totally Extinguished".
    In living things' total extinction, human beings' causing it can be called the "Total Destruction" of living things by human beings or human beings' "Destroying Totally" living things. By definition, such living things as are totally destroyed by human beings include human beings. When that needs to be emphasized, the total destruction of living things by human beings is also called the Total Destruction of living things including human being by human beings or human beings' Destroying Totally living things including themselves in these books. However, the Total Destruction of living things including human being by human beings is also called merely the "Total Destruction" or "Destroying Totally" in these books. As will be explained later, nuclear weapons and immutable gene means can destroy totally.
    The meaning of the words "mass destruction" is vague, and it is important whether or not such words include totally destruction. Accordingly, in these books, the destruction of a lot of human beings, living things, and their nature excluding the totally destruction is called a "Massive Destruction" or Destroying Massively. However, when it is necessary to emphasized that it does not include the total destruction, the words "Massive Destructions Excluding the Total Destruction" are used in these books. In addition, the words "a Little Destruction", "Destroying a Little", and so on are also vague, but such words will not imply the total destruction. In contrast, the words of minimum existence, various existence, total extinction, total destruction were defined strictly above.

MEANS

    Human beings make and use tools. Tools include arms, weapons, and so on. Human beings research, develop, produce, and manipulate the complicated or massive tools like clothes, houses, roads, cars, ships, airplanes, and so on. In addition, human beings breed or cultivate and use living things like domestic animals, crops, microorganisms, and so on. In addition, human beings manipulate atomic nuclei and genes. Moreover, human beings research the ways of lives and those of making and using tools, and record and transmit those ways by means of spoken words, written words, signs, papers, radio, television, computers, the internet, and so on. In addition, human beings constitute large organizations like governments, enterprises, and research institutes and manage them on a large scale. Human beings, which can destroy living things totally, cannot do so with bare hands or bodies but can do that with such means. In order to emphasize this, Human beings and their properties including human functions, human groups and their properties including functions, and the material things which they make, use, and transmit including tools, domestic animals, crops, manipulated atomic nuclei and genes, spoken and written words, signs, papers, radio, television, computers, and the internet are called "Means" in these books. That is, the word "means" usually designates human means without the modifier "human" in these books. Means include arms, weapons, and so on, include living things like domestic animals, crops, microorganisms, manipulated genes, and so on, and include manipulated atomic nuclei. Moreover, the means include the research, development, hold, use, the researchers, developers, holders, and users of means in these books.

TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    For the time being, the means which can cause the total destruction can be called "totally destructive means".
    Because totally destructive means are the gravest, when we define them, we need to pay attention to the following.
(1)All of the means need to be classified and looked through.
(2)When it is not clear that some means cannot cause the total destruction, they need to be included in totally destructive means.
(3)Because some means which are similar to some other means can be researched and developed easily from the latter, we need to define totally destructive means with a large group including similar means. For example, we need to define not as atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs, or so but as nuclear weapons including them.
(4)When it is clear that some means cannot cause the total destruction, they need to be excluded from totally destructive means. That is because human beings do not function for the minimum existence of living things when daily desires and lives are restricted too much. For example, we need to exclude from totally destructive means the gene therapy which involve only manipulated genes which can undergo spontaneous mutations. That is because human beings' desire for life and health is the most compelling.
    Accordingly, we will define, first, a non-totally destructive means in the following way and, second, a totally destructive means. The means which cannot cause the total destruction if any quantity of any subgroups of them are used in any situations can be called "Non-Totally Destructive Means". Then, the means which are not non-totally destructive means can be called "Totally Destructive Means".
    Usually, when a certain number(z) or more of some subgroups belonging to totally destructive means are used in some situations, the total destruction is caused. First, the nuclear weapons are totally destructive means. When a certain number (z) or more of hydrogen bombs belonging to nuclear weapons which some public powers have held in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century are used in most of the continents and seas on both the hemisphere, by the radiations caused by them, first, the genes of a lot of living things on land and in the swallow sea will be destroyed or mutated, they will be killed or will suffer from cancer or infertility, and so they will be extinguished. Second, respiration, photosynthesis, and the food chain there will not function, and so all the living things there will be extinguished. Third, the food chain from the swallow sea will be extinguished, and the living things in the deep sea will be extinguished. Finally, the total destruction will be caused. As will be explained later, not only nuclear weapons but also immutable gene means are totally destructive means.
    Even if a kind of means cannot reach a certain number (z) or cause the total destruction at present, if they can reach the number (z) and can cause it, they are included in totally destructive means. For example, if most of the nuclear weapons held by three great powers are abolished, nuclear weapons cannot reach the number (z) or cause the total destruction. Nevertheless, nuclear weapons are totally destructive means, and we need to go on abolishing and preventing them totally.
    When totally destructive means are used on the conditions other than the above, they can cause not the total but massive or a little destruction. When a certain number (z) or more of totally destructive means cause the total, less than the number (z) cause not the total but massive or a little destruction. A certain number (z) fluctuate depending on the situations and the subgroups, the subgroups fluctuate depending on the number (z) and the situations, and the subgroups fluctuate depending on the number (z) and the situations. For example, the number (z) whose situation is that nuclear weapons are used except on the Antarctic is larger than the number (z') whose situation is that they are used also on it. However, in immutable gene means which will be explained later, a certain number (z), the distinction among research, development, hold, and use, and that between weapons and means excluding weapons are vaguer than in nuclear weapons.

MASSIVELY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    In non-totally destructive means, that is, in the means which cannot cause the total destruction if any quantity of any subgroups of them are used in any situations, the means can cause massive destruction can be called "Massively Destructive Means". By definition, massively destructive means cannot cause the total destruction. For example, private and public enterprises causing the destruction of the nature are massively destructive means. That is because enterprises destroy the nature much slower and more locally than nuclear weapons and immutable gene means do. Even when the enterprises prosper at most, they will destroy part of the nature for human beings, human beings will decline, and some living things including human beings and their nature will be revived. That is, while totally destructive means deviate from the cycle of prosper and decline which was explained earlier, massively destructive means do not.
    Human beings' restraining the destruction of the nature by restricting the human functions like private and public enterprises can be called human beings' "Preservation of the Nature" or Preserving the Nature. It is important. However, when compared with the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means, we need to give priority to the latter.

PRE-TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    The means which are themselves not totally destructive means and which, however, can cause some research and development of totally destructive means can be called "Pre-Totally Destructive Means". For example, atomic bombs and nuclear power plants are pre-totally destructive means. If the atomic bombs had not been researched, developed, held, or used in the middle of the twentieth century, no hydrogen bombs would have been researched, developed, or hold as early as after years.
    However, more or less indirectly, human beings make and use some means, can cause the total or massive destruction, and so it turns out that the genesis of human beings was wrong. For example, if it had not been for World War Ⅱ and if the atomic bombs had not been researched, developed, held, or used at that time, the cold war would have made atomic bombs, hydrogen ones, or so researched, developed, and hold. Every cause and effect is indirect. Accordingly, a means which is itself not a totally destructive means and which, however, can cause the research and development of some totally destructive means "within a century" is again called a Pre-Totally Destructive Means in these books. When it has been defined so, the atomic bombs and nuclear power plant are still pre-totally destructive means.
    It is one of the most necessary for human beings to research and foresee the possibility of pre-totally destructive means' causing the research and development of some totally destructive means and to prevent the latter from being researched and developed in the stage of the former. For example, we need to prevent immutable gene means from being researched and developed in the stage of irreplicable and mutable gene means which will be explained later. However, of course, it is the most necessary for us to abolish the totally destructive means which have already been researched, developed, and held.

NEEDLESSNESS OF TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

     The more science and technology, above all, information technology advances, the more narrowly weapons can limit their targets, the more selectively they can destroy, and the less indiscriminately they need to destroy. Weapons which can destroy selectively in such a way can be called "Selectively destructive means".
    In contrast, such weapons as nuclear weapons, conventional chemical ones, and conventional biological ones can be called "Indiscriminate destructive means".
    In addition, the more science and technology advances, the more defensive means as well as destructive ones advance.
    Now, with selectively destructive means advancing more and more, the government and armed force of a country can destroy not the citizens but the governments and armed forces of some other countries more and more selectively. If the governments or armed forces of any countries want to invade some other countries, all that the governments and armed forces of the former need to do is destroy the governments and armed forces of the latter with selectively destructive means, and then their purpose of invading and ruling the latter is accomplished. In this case, general citizens do not need to be destroyed, and indiscriminate destructive means including totally destructive means are needless.
    However, submarines in the bottoms of the deep sea, satellites and spaceships in the space, and deep underground facilities can hardly be detected. However, they cannot be detected or dealt with by totally destructive means or any means. That is, totally destructive means are useless and unnecessary here, too.
    In the above invasion, those undetectable means will be used. However, also in this case, all that they have to do is destroy the governments or armed forces concerned mutually with undetectable selectively destructive means, and the war is over. Totally destructive means are needless here, too. Paradoxically, undetectable selectively destructive means ensure it. It can be called "Selective Mutual Destruction". By means of this, the only way left for any civilian or officer is to resolve any dispute peacefully.
    In order to minimize the damage to general citizens in the above situations, it is necessary for them not to live close to the facilities of governments and armed forces.
    In addition, we needs to prevent those governments and armed forces from escaping into general citizens, to arrange the international law, fundamental law, and system which discharge those escaping in such a way and appoint their substitutes.
    On those grounds, totally destructive means are needless and obsolete both tactically and strategically.

NECESSITY OF TOTAL ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    The following are the grounds that the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means need to be done not partially but totally.
    Usually, when a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of the totally destructive means are used in some situations, the total destruction is caused. It seems that the totally destructive means need to be cut to less than the number (z) corresponding to the worst situation and the strongest subgroup so that the total destruction can be prevented.
    However, it is hard for the governments or armed forces of some states or nations to go on abolishing or preventing their totally destructive means while those of some others go on researching, developing, or holding theirs. Some of them's researching, developing, holding them prompts some others' doing so. The information of all things including totally destructive means will leak out, and others will take advantage of it.
    In addition, from now on, some powers other than governments or armed forces can take advantage of the information leaked from them and research, develop, hold, and use some totally destructive means.
    In addition, some outsiders can intrude through computers, the internet, and so on into some totally destructive means held by some governments or armed forces and can manipulate and drive them wildly. In addition, such intrusion can prompt those which are intruded into or others to use their totally destructive means.
    In addition, some insiders who are actually outsiders or some insiders who lost the ability to control them can manipulate totally destructive means and can drive them wildly.
    In addition, there can be some aging, break down, accidents through natural disasters, and so on of totally destructive means which human reason cannot foresee or control, and they can run wild. For example, it is a wonder that the nuclear weapons which were designed and produced fifty years ago do not break down, isn't it?
    What is called "deterrence" can function for tens of years, but they cannot functions over hundreds of years. That is because, in such long time, some insiders lose the ability to control them in some mental conditions, because some outsiders and insiders who are actually outsiders invade them and let them run wild, and because some accidents which human reasons cannot reach can occur. For example, nuclear weapons survived only tens of years of the Cold War.
    In addition, in immutable gene means which will be explained later, a certain number (z) and the difference between research, development, hold, and use, and that between weapons and means excluding weapons are vague or nearly zero ones.
    Including those cases, even if the probability that human beings cause the total destruction by using the totally destructive means in a year is 0.001(0.1%), that in 100 years is about 0.1(10%) as a result of 1-(1-0.001)^100, and that in 1,000 years is about 0.63(63%) as a result of 1-(1-0.001)^1000.
    In addition, if only a few of totally destructive means should be used, they would cause massive destruction, kill a lot of human beings, and cause a lot of pain. In addition, even if they are not used, they cause much mental pain like anxiety and fear.
    It seems that many living things can exist if human beings are extinguished before they use totally destructive means. However, even if human beings are extinguished, if the totally destructive means are left, it is possible that they run wild spontaneously, and that they cause the total or massive destruction. Simply, human beings should not be extinguished till they abolish totally destructive means.
    In addition, human beings struggle and struggle for existence the most of all the living things. The more they struggle, the more they struggle among themselves, and the more the possibility of their using totally destructive means and causing the total destruction gets.
    On those grounds, human beings need to abolish and prevent all of the totally destructive means on the earth that public and private powers, and, insiders and outsiders research, develop, hold, and use and need to prevent totally destructive means in the stage of pre-totally destructive means so that living things can exist minimum, and so that the ultimate desire can be satisfied. Accordingly, human beings' abolishing and preventing all of the totally destructive means on the earth that the public and private powers, and insiders and outsiders research, develop, hold, and use and preventing totally destructive means in the stage of pre-totally destructive means can be called the "Total Abolition and Prevention of Totally Destructive Means" by human beings or human beings' "Abolishing and Preventing Totally Destructive Means Totally".
    Moreover, it is possible that only human beings or evolved human beings can cause the total destruction on the earth. As long as human beings abolish and prevent totally destructive means totally, living things will exist minimum. Human beings only have to abolish and prevent them totally for living things to exist minimum. For the emphasis on those, and paradoxically, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means is also called the "Security of Minimum Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' Securing the Minimum Existence of living things in these books.
    In addition, human beings' totally abolishing and preventing not only totally destructive means but also massively destructive means can be called the "Security of Various Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' Securing the Various Existence of living things.
    In addition, the minimum security of living things or the security of the existence of various living things can be called the "Security of the Existence" of living things by human beings or human beings' "Securing the Existence" of living things.

ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF PRE-TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    As was defined earlier, a means which is itself not a totally destructive means and which, however, can cause the research and development of some totally destructive means within a century is called a Pre-Totally Destructive Means in these books. One of the most important is that human beings research and foresee the possibility of pre-totally destructive means' causing totally destructive ones and that they prevent the latter from being researched or developed in the stage of the former.
    However, even if scientists and technologist do this, it is probable that the holders of political and economic powers neglect their advice and that the latter make the former research and develop totally destructive means. Far from that, if the latter know that pre-totally destructive ones can cause totally destructive ones, the latter will make use of the former desperately.
    Accordingly, in pre-totally destructive means, we need to regulate all the pieces of material, technology, and information causing totally destructive ones strictly. If we do not have the confidence to do that, we should abolish and prevent totally not only totally destructive ones but also pre-totally destructive ones.
    In addition, as was explained earlier, totally destructive means need to be defined as a large group including similar subgroups. For example, they need to include the atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century.

ONE-WAY ABOLITION AND PREVENTION

    In contrast to total abolition and prevention, that human beings abolish and prevent totally destructive means in countries, regions, or so and abolish and prevent not all but part of them on the earth can be called "Partial" Abolition and Prevention of Them or Partially Abolishing and Preventing them. Not that countries or regions abolish and prevent them mutually through mutual agreements but that they abolish and prevent them one-way can be called "One-way" Abolition and Prevention of them or One-way Abolishing and Preventing them.
    As was explained earlier, as selective destructive means and defensive ones advance, totally destructive means get needless both tactically and strategically. Accordingly, each country can abolish and prevent the latter one-way while researching, developing, and holding the former. The one-way abolition and prevention is the decisive way toward the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means and the minimum existence of living things.
    By the way, one-way abolition and prevention is a way toward the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means and not a way toward all. For example, one-way cut of selective destructive means explained above could not always been recommended.

PRIORITY

    The above are divided into the following Group (A), Group (B), Group (C), and Group (D)
Group (A) minimum existence, total extinction, total destruction, totally destructive means, total abolishment and prevention of totally destructive means, security of minimum existence
Group (B) pre-totally destructive means
Group (C) various existence, massive destruction, massively destructive means, abolishment and prevention of massively destructive means, security of various existence
Group (D) a little destruction, less destructive means

    Though every group needs to be given priority to, (A) needs to be given priority to when compared with (B), (C), and (D). For example, the total abolition and prevention of nuclear weapons needs to be given priority to when compared with the abolition of nuclear power plants. Not that the latter may be neglected, but that the former need to be given priority to when compared with the latter. In addition, (A) and (B) need to be given priority to when compared with (C) and (D). For example, the total abolition of nuclear weapons needs to be given priority to when compared with the preservation of the nature. Not that the latter may be neglected, but that the former need to be given priority to when compared with the latter.
    First, we, human beings, need to distinguish totally destructive means and to abolish and prevent them totally. Second, we need to distinguish pre-totally destructive means and to abolish and prevent them or to prevent them from causing the research and development of totally destructive ones in the stage of them. Third, we need to distinguish massively destructive means and to restrain or abolish and prevent them.

IMPORTANCE OF DISTINCTION

    In other words, we need to distinguish clearly totally, pre-totally, massively, and less destructive means, and the farther we go down from the first to the fourth, the less we need to restrain. That is because the more massively and less destructive means are restrained, the more human daily lives are restricted, the less human daily desires are satisfied, and the less human beings function for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives.
    Above all, the human daily desires to want to live long and to be healthy and to want their families, friends, and so on to do so and to be so are serious, and little or no restriction should be imposed on the science and technology for the sake of human life and health. Later in this book, of genetic manipulations, which can cause the total destruction and which cannot cause it and can be applied to medicine will be distinguished.
    In addition, it is probable that the holders of political and economic powers make some false totally destructive means seem to be true ones and attract citizens' concerns and activities to false ones in order to make the research, development, and hold of true ones, going to war, running wild to despotism, and so on unclear. For example, it is probable that a complex of governments and enterprises make the false totally destructive means of the destruction of the nature seem to be too serious and make citizens preserve the nature in order to make the research, development, and hold of totally destructive means unclear. It is also a cost reduction for governments and enterprises to make citizens preserve the nature. Also in order to prevent those, we need to distinguish totally, pre-totally, massively and less destructive means clearly.

DISTINCTION OF MEANS

    Now, let us distinguish totally, pre-totally, massively, and less destructive means. Means are divided into the following (O)-(R2).

(O)Instrumental Means
    The means which do not involve any gunpowder, engines, electricity, synthetic chemicals, changes of nuclei induced intentionally by human beings, or manipulated genes can be called "Instrumental Means". Hunting, picking, agriculture, stock farming, food, clothes, houses, villages, towns, roads, carriages, sailboats, swords, spears, bows and arrows, and so on are instrumental means.

(P)Mechanical Means
    The means which involves gunpowder, engines, electricity, or synthetic chemicals and which do not involve any changes of nuclei induced intentionally by human beings or manipulated genes can be called "Mechanical Means". Industry, factories, cities, buildings, highways, cars, railroads, trains, steamships, airplanes, guns, cannons, bombs, and so on are mechanical means.

(Q)Nuclear Means
    That human beings induce intentionally the changes of atomic nuclei like nuclear fission, fusion, and so on can be called "Nuclear Manipulation" or Manipulating Nuclei.
    The means which involves the changes of some atomic nuclei induced intentionally by human beings can be called "Nuclear Means". Atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century, hydrogen bombs in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century, nuclear power plants, and so on are nuclear means.
    The changes of atomic nuclei often occur in the space and also in the earth. In contrast, the means which involve the changes of the atomic nuclei induced intentionally by the human beings are nuclear means. For example, though all isotopes diffuse and none of them concentrate in the nature, some human beings concentrate uranium-235 with such centrifuges as are not found in any common laboratories, and induce the nuclear fusion of hydrogen atoms by the energy caused by the nuclear fission of uranium atoms. This is a sample of the nuclear means.
    The means which involve some radiations and do not involve any nuclear changes induced intentionally by any human beings when used are not included in the (Q)nuclear means but included in the (P)mechanical means in these books. Human beings recycle various kinds of materials, and recycle also the secondary products of nuclear means. As long as such recycled products involve no nuclear changes induced intentionally by any human beings when used, they are not included in the (Q)nuclear means but included in the (P)mechanical means in these books.

(R)Gene Means
    That human beings induce intentionally the changes of genes can be called "Gene Manipulation", Genetic Manipulation, or Manipulating Genes. The genes manipulated by human beings can be called "Manipulated Genes". The means which involve some manipulated genes can be called "Gene Means" or Genetic Means.

(R0)Irreplicable Gene Means
    The manipulated genes which cannot replicate themselves can be called "Irreplicable Genes". The gene manipulation inducing only some irreplicable genes can be called "Irreplicable Gene Manipulation" or Manipulating Irreplicable Genes. The means which contain only some irreplicable genes can be called "Irreplicable Gene Means".

(R1)Mutable Gene Means
    The manipulated genes which can replicate themselves and can undergo some spontaneous mutations can be called "Mutable Genes". The gene manipulation inducing only some mutable genes or only some irreplicable genes and some mutable genes can be called "Mutable Gene Manipulation" or Manipulating Mutable Genes. The means which contain only some mutable genes or only some irreplicable genes and some mutable genes can be called "Mutable Gene Means".
    Most gene recombinations, genetically modified crops, gene therapies, and biological weapons and so on in the last quarter of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century are irreplicable gene manipulations, mutable gene manipulations, irreplicable gene means, or mutable gene means.

(R2)Immutable Gene Means
    The manipulated genes which can replicate themselves and which are not certain to undergo spontaneous mutations can be called "Immutable Genes". The gene manipulation inducing some immutable genes can be called "Immutable Gene Manipulation" or Manipulating Immutable Genes. The mean which contain some immutable genes can be called "Immutable Gene Means".
    It is possible that some of the genetic means in the early twenty-first century are immutable gene means.
    Many changes of base sequences in genes often occur in all living things. These are spontaneous mutations. The molecular structure which consists of bases, chains, and proteins surrounding them has been comparatively loose. In such a loose structure, genes have replicated themselves wrongly, and base sequences have been changed. These are spontaneous mutations.
    Moreover, many changes of certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves often occur in all living things. However, the materials which have been changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of living things, and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things.
    As a result, certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves of genes have been almost unchanged since the genesis of genes. The genes only whose base sequences have changed are certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the living things which contain only such genes are certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later.
    Moreover, the manipulated genes only whose base sequences have been changed are also certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the means which involve only such genes are also certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later even if they run wild. In contrast, the genes where some things other than base sequences have been changed are not certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the means which involve such genes are not certain to be selected in the nature when they run wild. Above all, the genes where certain kinds of bases themselves or the chains themselves have been changed are not certain to undergo spontaneous mutations, and the means which involve such genes are not certain to be selected in nature when they run wild. As was explained above, the materials which have been changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of the living things, and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things. However, it is in natural conditions that they are disposed of. It is possible that they are not disposed of if human beings add some artificial things to them.
    Accordingly, out of manipulated genes which can replicate themselves, the genes where only base sequences have changed are mutable genes and can undergo spontaneous mutations. The means which involve only such genes are mutable gene means and are certain to be selected in the nature sooner or later even if they run wild. The genes where the things other than base sequences have changed are immutable genes and are not certain to undergo spontaneous mutations. The means which involve such genes are immutable gene means and are not certain to be selected in the nature when they run wild.
    Some will be supplemented.
    Out of (O)-(R2), (O) began with the genesis of the human beings, the weapons in (P) began with the development of gunpowder, the others in (P) began with the rapid progress of sciences and technology and the Industrial Revolution, (Q) began in the first half of the twentieth century, (R0)(R1) began in the latter half of the twentieth century, and (R2) are beginning in the early twenty-first century.

DISTINCTION OF WEAPONS

    Means include violence, wars, disputes, injury, killing, massacres, arms, weapons, tactics, strategy, soldiers, tacticians, strategists, and so on. They are also called "Weapons" in these books. Weapons include the research, development, hold, use, and researchers, developers, holders, and users of weapons in these books. The above (O)-(R2) include the following (O-W)-(R2-W) respectively.

(O-W)Instrumental Weapons
    The weapons which do not involve any gunpowder, engines, electricity, synthetic chemicals, nuclear changes induced intentionally by human beings, or manipulated genes can be called "Instrumental Weapons". Swords, spears, bows and arrows, and so on are instrumental weapons.

(P-W)Mechanical Weapons
    The weapons which involve gunpowder, engines, electricity, or synthetic chemicals and do not involve any nuclear changes induced intentionally by human beings or manipulated genes can be called "Mechanical Weapons". Guns, cannons, bombs, tanks, warships, fighter planes, and so on are mechanical weapons.

(Q-W)Nuclear Weapons
    The weapons which involve the changes of atomic nuclei induced intentionally by some human beings can be called a "Nuclear Weapon". The atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century, the hydrogen bombs in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century, the missiles carrying them, terrors using them, and so on are nuclear weapons.

(R-W)Genetic Weapons
    The weapons which involve some manipulated genes can be called "Gene Weapons" or Genetic Weapons. The missiles carrying the bacteria or viruses whose genes are manipulated, terrors using them, and so on are gene weapons.

(RO-W)Irreplicable Gene Weapons
    The weapons which involve only some irreplicable genes can be called "Irreplicable Gene Weapons".

(R1-W)Mutable Gene Weapons
    The weapons which involve only some mutable genes or only some irreplicable genes and some mutable genes can be called "Mutable Gene Weapons".

(R2-W)Immutable Gene Weapons
    The weapons which involve some immutable genes can be called "Immutable Gene Weapons".
    Some will be supplemented.
    The means or weapons which involve some radiations and do not involve any nuclear changes induced intentionally by any human beings when used are not included in (Q) nuclear means or (Q-W) nuclear weapons but included in (P) mechanical means or (P-W)mechanical weapons in these books. For example, a medical equipment which uses some radioactive materials which were produced in the manufacturing process of some nuclear weapons or in a nuclear power plant is a mechanical means.
    In contrast, the means or weapons which do not involve any genetic changes other than replications, transcriptions, or spontaneous mutations when used and involve some manipulated genes are included in genetic means or weapons in these books. For example, the viruses which do not involve any genetic changes other than replications, transcriptions, or spontaneous mutations when used but involve some genes whose base sequences, bases in themselves, or chains in themselves have been changed are gene means or weapons.
    The seeming chemical weapons involving nuclear changes or manipulated genes are included in nuclear or genetic weapons.
    Viruses and bacteria which have been cultivated and selected by human beings but whose genes have not been manipulated are not so different from natural ones. Accordingly, the biological weapons which involve no manipulated genes are included in (P-W) mechanical weapons in these books.
    If what can be called "Geological Weapons" should be developed, they would try to destroy the earth's crust at a lot of points and involve a lot of nuclear means or weapons. Such are included in nuclear weapons.
    Carriers like missiles, viruses, and so on are classified according to their contents. For example, the missiles carrying some nuclear weapons are included in nuclear weapons, the viruses carrying some manipulated genes are included in genetic means or weapons, and the missiles carrying some conventional weapons or nothing are included in mechanical weapons.
    Means or weapons which involve some computers, the internet, and so on are classified according to the manipulated objects in these books. For example, if any missiles carrying any nuclear weapons should be shot by the manipulation of computers, such a manipulation would be included in the nuclear weapons.
    From now on, some outsiders or insiders who are actually outsiders can intrude through computers, the internet, or so into the nuclear means or the immutable gene means held by some public or private powers, manipulate, drive them wild, and cause the total destruction. Such outsiders, intrusion, manipulation, and intruded and manipulated means are looked upon as weapons. They can be called "Manipulations by Outsiders" of them or Outsiders' Manipulating them, and are included in weapons in these books.
    Some human beings intend to destroy some other human beings or their means by weapons. However, the weapons destroy not only them but also human beings' nature, some other living things, and their nature. Also through such destruction of the nature, some weapons can cause the total destruction.
    Now, let us look through which of the means are totally, pre-totally, massively, or less destructive means.

INSTRUMENTAL MEANS

    Instrumental means excluding weapons are not totally, pre-totally, or massively but less destructive means. The wars, autocracies, despotisms, and so on which used instrumental weapons sometimes caused massive destructions. However, anything or anybody only with instrumental means or weapons never cause the total destruction.

MECHANICAL MEANS

    The mechanical means excluding weapons can cause massive destructions when they prosper exceedingly. For example, unless the discharges of carbon dioxide, sulfur oxide, nitrogen oxide, fluorocarbon, and so on are restricted, massive destruction will be caused. However, though they can cause massive destructions, they cannot cause the total destruction and are not totally or pre-totally destructive means. That is because the destruction of the nature by such means goes on much more slowly and locally than that by nuclear weapons or immutable gene means do. When they prosper exceedingly; they destroy the nature for human beings, human beings will decline, and human beings and other living things and their nature will be revived. That is, such means do not deviate from the cycle of prosper and decline which was defined earlier.
    The mechanical weapons can cause massive destructions, above all, in war, autocracy, despotism, and so on. However, they cannot cause the total destruction. Even if all the mechanical weapons on the earth are used in a day, they cannot. In addition, chemical weapons can cause massive destructions more than mechanical weapons excluding them. However, even if all of them on the earth are used in a day, they cannot cause the total destruction. Biological weapons excluding genetic weapons can cause massive destructions. However, how hard human beings cultivate, select, or refine them, unless their genes are manipulated, they cannot cause the total destruction.
    In those ways, mechanical means including weapons are not totally but massive destructive means. It is not that they may be neglected. However, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means needs to be given priority to. We, human beings, need to abolish and prevent mechanical weapons after we abolish and prevent totally destructive means totally.

NUCLEAR MEANS

    Nuclear means excluding the nuclear weapons like nuclear power plants can cause the research and development of nuclear weapons as totally destructive means, and so they are pre-totally destructive means. The nuclear means excluding the nuclear weapons are not totally but pre-totally destructive means and massively destructive means. For example, a nuclear power plant excluding completely the intrusion by outsiders is not included in totally destructive means. However, it should not be neglected that they are pre-totally and massively destructive means. It is true that they should be abolished. However, the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means needs to be given priority.
    If a certain number (z) or more of the nuclear means on the earth like nuclear power plants should run wild in a few days, the total destruction can be caused. However, such things never happen spontaneously but are certain to be caused by some high strategy, technology, manipulations of computers, and so on, are included in manipulations of nuclear means by outsiders which were defined earlier, and are included in nuclear weapons. That is, manipulations of nuclear means by outsiders are included in nuclear weapons, can cause the total destruction, and are totally destructive means.
    Above all, when a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of nuclear weapons are used in some situations, the total destruction will be caused, and so nuclear weapons are totally destructive means. For example, as is repeated, When a certain number (z) or more of hydrogen bombs belonging to nuclear weapons which some public powers have held in the latter half of the twentieth century and in the early twenty-first century are used in most of the continents and seas on both the hemisphere, by the radiations caused by them, first, the genes of a lot of living things on land and in the swallow sea will be destroyed or mutated, they will be killed or will suffer from cancer or infertility, and so they will be extinguished. Second, respiration, photosynthesis, and the food chain there will not function, and so all the living things there will be extinguished. Third, the food chain from the swallow sea will be extinguished, and the living things in the deep sea will be extinguished. Finally, the total destruction will be caused. From now on, not only some public but also private powers can research, develop, hold, and use nuclear weapons. In addition, as explained earlier, it is possible that some outsiders or insiders who are actually outsiders intrude into them and manipulate them, that some insiders lose the ability to control them, and that some aging, breaking down, accident, and so on of them happen beyond human reasons.
    The atomic bombs in the middle of the twentieth century in themselves are not totally destructive means but pre-totally destructive means and massively destructive means. However, the research and development of them after the twenty-first century directly cause those of nuclear weapons as totally destructive means. Accordingly, atomic bombs are included in totally destructive means and in nuclear weapons in these books.
    In such ways, when the totally destructive means are defined, they need to include the means which directly cause the research and development of them. Accordingly, their definition have included "some subgroups".
    In such ways, nuclear weapons can cause radiations, and the latter destroy the genes when used. In such a way, they destroy genes indirectly. In contrast, human beings are manipulating genes directly in the following way.

IRREPLICABLE GENE MEANS

    Irreplicable gene means can cause massive destruction and are massively destructive means. For example, though they cannot reproduce themselves, the bacteria or viruses whose genes have been manipulated can cause massive destruction when a lot of them go out of laboratories. Irreplicable gene weapons can cause massive destruction more than those excluding weapons can and are massively destructive means.

MUTABLE GENE MEANS

    The possibility of mutable gene means' causing massive destructions is larger than that of irrepricable gene means'. The possibility of mutable gene weapons' causing massive destructions is larger than that of mutable means excluding weapons'. That is because mutable genes can repricate themselves and because it is possible that mutable gene means containing such genes reproduce themselves.
    It seems that mutable gene means containing such genes can reproduce themselves endlessly and can cause the total destruction.
    However, mutable genes contained in mutable gene means can undergo spontaneous mutations. As was explained earlier, out of the living things containing some genes which have undergone spontaneous mutations, only a few that can exist and function and reproduce themselves in their nature and the periphery through generations can exist and function as species. This is the "Natural Selection". Whether they are weapons or not, however wide they spread in living things and their nature, mutable gene means containing only some mutable genes or only some irreplicable genes and some mutable genes which can undergo spontaneous mutations are only selected in the nature in the same way as traditional living things are. Simply, the immutable gene means are equal at most to the traditional living things.
    That is, whether or not they are weapons, mutable gene means cannot cause the total destruction, are not totally destructive means, but are massively destructive means.
    However, it is not that irreplicable and mutable gene means may be neglected. However, there is a job which have priority.

IMMUTABLE GENE MEANS

    In contrast, it is possible that immutable genes cannot undergo any spontaneous mutations, and that immutable gene means containing some immutable genes are not selected in the nature. We cannot measure how such means behave themselves with any pieces of science and technology. For example, they can reproduce themselves endlessly and run wild, and their pseudo genes can be recombined with those of true living things including human beings, and they can disorder living things endlessly and can cause the total destruction. However, that is only an example of them. Again, it is immeasurable how they behave themselves. Nobody can say that they never cause the total destruction. Accordingly, immutable gene means can cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means.
    Of course, immutable gene weapons are totally destructive means. Whether they are weapons or not, immutable gene means are totally destructive means.
    In addition, the manipulations of immutable gene means by some outsiders are included in the immutable gene weapons and are totally destructive means.
    These do not depend on whether or not they are weapons, whether the researchers, developers, holders, or users are public or private powers or insiders or outsiders, or whether the stages are research, development, hold, or use. For example, even when a few immutable genes generated in a test tube are drained into the sink, it cannot be said that this cannot cause the total destruction.
    As was explained earlier, though certain kinds of bases themselves and certain chains themselves often changes in all living things, the materials changed in such a way do not exist and function as genes or parts of living things and are resolved, captured by immunity, or discharged from living things. In contrast, it is possible that immutable genes made with human ingenuity are not resolved, captured, or discharged. When they are not resolved, captured, or discharged, it is immeasurable how they behave themselves.
    When a certain number (z) or more of some subgroups of nuclear weapons are used in some situations, they cause the total destruction. In nuclear weapons, the number (z), the subgroups, and the situations are comparatively clear and the number is comparatively large. In contrast, only a few immutable gene means can cause the total destruction, a certain number (z) is comparatively vague and small or one. In addition, the distinction among research, development, hold, and use is vague in them. For example, as is repeated, even when a few immutable genes generated in a test tube are drained into the sink, it cannot be said that they cannot cause the total destruction.
    Of course, immutable gene weapons are totally destructive means. However, the immutable gene means excluding weapons can be looked upon as weapons, too. Metaphorically, changing the gene in themselves is the blasphemy against all living things and their nature.
    Now, it turns out that irreplicable and mutable gene means can cause the research and development of immutable gene means, and that the former are the pre-totally destructive means for the latter. This needs to be researched and foreseen, and the latter need to be prevented in the stage of the former.

PRACTICAL WAYS TO PREVENT IMMUTABLE GENE MEANS

    The following is the practical way to prevent immutable gene means.
    Theoretically, it is the way to distinguish between immutable gene means and the others to confirm whether or not their genes manipulated can undergo spontaneous mutations. However, such a way is vague and takes a long time. Accordingly, we need to adopt the following way though immutable gene means are classified into a larger group.
    It is possible that the manipulated genes where something other than their base sequences is changed, for example, where their bases themselves or chains themselves are changed do not undergo spontaneous mutations and that they are immutable genes. It is easier to confirm that nothing other than their base sequences is changed in genes manipulated than to confirm that they can undergo spontaneous mutations. Accordingly, in gene manipulation, it is the practical way to prevent immutable gene means to change nothing other than base sequences intentionally from the beginning and to confirm that they are not changed when suspected and to put them to practical use after the confirmation.

PREVENTING OVERRESTRICTION AGAINST GENE MANIPULATION

    The overrestriction against gene manipulation can be prevented by confining totally destructive means in gene means to immutable gene means.
    Above all, the human daily desires to want to live long and to be healthy and to want their families, friends, and so on to do so and to be so are serious. The gene means other than immutable gene means, that is, irreplicable gene means and mutable gene means can satisfy that desire.

CONFINING TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS

    On the above grounds, nuclear weapons and immutable gene means can cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means. Then, is it only they that are totally destructive means.
    As was explained earlier, human beings can cause the total destruction with self-made means. Without means, far from causing the total destruction, they could not do anything. Means can be divided into (O)-(R2) explained above. Even weapons can be divided into (O-W)-(R2-W) explained above. Out of them, the totally destructive means are (Q-W) and (R2). Only on those grounds, practically, it is clear that it is only (Q-W) and (R2) that are totally destructive means. It will be reviewed from another point of view in this section.
    Excluding the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun, so that the total extinction of the living things on the earth can be caused, it is necessary that most of their genes are destroyed or changed. What can cause such destruction or change of genes is only radiation and genes, and the others cannot.
    First, radiation destroy genes roughly, and so a lot of it is necessary for that extinction.It is only some changes of atomic nuclei directly or indirectly that generate such a lot of radiation. Though the changes of atomic nuclear or the generation of radiation could be caused in the nature, if they extinguished living things, they could be included in the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. In the changes of atomic nuclei, excluding the natural drastic changes, it is only those induced by human beings that can extinguish living things. Nuclear means excluding nuclear weapons, when a lot of them run wild almost simultaneously, can cause the total destruction. However, such running wild is certain to be caused by some human beings' intention, and can be looked upon as weapons. On those grounds, in the things generating radiation, it is only nuclear weapons that can cause the total destruction.
    Second, pseudo genes or pseudo living things containing them are taken in true living things including human beings or recombined with their genes and destroy or change their genes or disorder them. However, so that living things can be extinguished, such destruction, change, or disorder need to be caused endlessly. If genes undergo spontaneous mutation and if the things containing them are selected in the nature, those cannot be caused endlessly. On those grounds, in the things containing genes, it is only immutable gene means that can cause total destruction.
    On those grounds, only nuclear weapons and immutable gene means can cause the total destruction and are totally destructive means. That is, human beings need to abolish and prevent only nuclear weapons and the immutable gene means totally in order to prevent the total destruction of living things including human beings and to secure the minimum existence of the living things.

CLEARANCE OF RESIGNATION AND PESSIMISM

    In such ways, as long as human beings abolish and prevent nuclear weapons and immutable gene means totally, even if they and their means prosper exceedingly, they only decline or are extinguished, living things and the nature for them and evolution are revived, and they exist and function until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun.
    Moreover, when we compare nuclear weapons and immutable gene means and the means excluding them, the latter destroy much more slowly and locally than the former do. On this ground, as long as human beings abolish and prevent the former totally, even if they and their means prosper exceedingly, they only decline and are not extinguished, living things including human beings or evolved human beings and the nature for them and evolution are revived, and they will exist until the natural drastic change of the earth or the sun. Now, it turns out that living things including human beings or evolved human beings can exist only by abolishing and preventing totally nuclear weapons and immutable gene means. That is, now, it turns out that the security of the minimum existence of living things have already included that of human beings or evolved ones.
    In addition, it turns out that the security of the minimum existence of living things may include that of evolved human beings. Are there any problems with our evolving? Such human beings as have researched, developed, held totally destructive means and as can cause the total destruction had better evolve. If they evolved, they would not get worse than the present human beings.
    On the emotions like resignation, pessimism, and so on, the possibility of human beings' abolishing and preventing totally destructive means totally gets smaller, and that of their causing the total destruction gets larger. It needs to be emphasized that living things including human beings or evolved human beings can exist and function only by abolishing and preventing the nuclear weapons and the immutable gene means totally so that such emotions can be prevented.

NECESSITY TO DEFINE TOTALLY DESTRUCTIVE MEANS AND TO GIVE PRIORITY TO THE TOTAL ABOLITION AND PREVENTION OF THEM

    Also on the following grounds, we need to define the totally destructive means, to emphasize that only nuclear weapons and immutable gene means are totally destructive means, and to give priority to the total abolition and prevention of them.
    As was explained earlier, the more not only totally and pre-totally destructive means but also the massively and less destructive ones are restrained, the more daily desires and lives are restricted, the less human beings function also for the abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives also for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. Of course, also for themselves, little or no restriction needs to be imposed on human daily desires and lives.
    Not only enterprises but also daily lives accompany some destruction of the nature like environmental pollution, resource depletion, and so on. A lot of daily lives are restricted for the strict preservation of the nature. However, as was explained earlier, the destruction of the nature cannot cause the total destruction, and enterprises and daily lives accompanying it are not totally or pre-totally destructive means but massively or less destructive ones. Accordingly, the preservation of the nature do not need to be so strict as the total abolition and prevention of the totally destructive means do. Again, not that we do not need to preserve the nature, but that the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means need to be given priority.
    Above all, the daily desires to live long and for his or her family, friends, and so on to live long are serious, and little or no restriction needs to be imposed on the science and technology for the sake of human health. The medicine involving some irreplicable or mutable gene means and involving no immutable genes means can satisfy such desires and lives. As was explained earlier, irreplicable and mutable gene means are included in massively destructive means, immutable gene means are included in totally destructive means, and the restriction against the former do not need to be so strict as the total abolition and prevention of the latter.
    In addition, from now on, it is possible that the holders of powers emphasize too much the existence of living things or human beings and restrict too much daily desires and lives. Moreover, it is possible that they make the false totally destructive means seem to be true ones in order to make the research, development, hold of totally destructive means, going to war, to despotism, and so on unclear. Autocracy, despotism, totalitarianism, and so on never function both for daily desires and lives and for the total abolition and prevention of totally destructive means. That is because they tend to do anything that can be done at the then present, and because they tend to develop and hold totally destructive means from now on. In order to restrain them, to satisfy daily desires and lives, and to abolish and prevent totally destructive means totally, we need to enlarge liberal rights, social rights, political roghts, democratic systems, separations of powers, the rule of law, the right to exist in general.
    On the above grounds, we need to define the totally destructive means, to emphasize that only nuclear weapons and immutable gene means are totally destructive means, and to give priority to the total abolition and prevention of them.

EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

    Non-democratic and non-separative systems of autocracy, despotism, and so on prompt the research, development, hold, and use of totally destructive means and restrain the total abolition and prevention of them. Democratic and separative systems of liberal rights, political rights, social rights, democratic systems, separations of powers, the rule of law, and the right to exist in general restrain the research, development, hold, and use of them and promote the total abolition and prevention of them. Of course, non-democratic and non-separative systems restrict daily desires and lives, and the democratic and separative systems promote them. In order not only to promote daily desires and lives but also to abolish and prevent totally destructive means totally, we need to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems and to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, in order to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems, we need to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, in order not only to promote daily desires and lives but also to abolish and prevent totally destructive means totally, we need to restrain war, massacres, collective violence, and so on. In order to restrain them, we need to restrain non-democratic and non-separative systems and to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems. In addition, it is necessary that we do not allow non-democratic and non-separative systems on the pretext of restraining them, and in order to prevent such allowance, we need to enlarge and deepen democratic and separative systems.
    On those grounds, in short, existence and liberty need to be and can be consistent.

References

EXISTENCE AND LIBERTY

SEPARATING EACH STATE POWER INTO THE TWO SYSTEMS OF THAT OF THE RULE OF LAW PROTECTING LIBERAL RIGHTS AND THAT OF THE HUMAN RULE SECURING SOCIAL RIGHTS

PSYCHOLOGIES OF ANIMALS HAVING MEMORIES OR MORE



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